From evidence to outcomes in child welfare : an international reader

edited by Aron Shlonsky, Rami Benbenishty

The information age is upon us and, with it, a new era of human services has emerged. The terms 'Evidence-Based,' 'evidence-informed,' 'best practice', and 'effective' have become ubiquitous in scholarly and professional publications, government documents, funding applications, and training institutions across the world. Yet despite this avalanche of words, there is substantial disagreement with respect to the definition of evidence and how it should be used to improve the lives of children and youth. This book builds on the burgeoning evidence-informed practice movement in social welfare that evolved from evidence-based medicine some twenty years ago. Key insights from an internationally recognized group of scholars representing several child welfare systems promotes a nuanced understanding of evidence in all its forms; makes a strong case for understanding the role of context in generating, interpreting, and employing evidence; and provides guidance for integrating evidence and context in the provision of child welfare services. The book begins with an introduction to evidence-informed practice and a broad overview of the different types of evidence that can be useful in guiding difficult decisions under uncertain conditions. This is followed by a decision-making framework that incorporates the use of evidence within the context of a complex child protection system. Next, empirically supported programs and treatments are evaluated with respect to their transportability across contexts, with sometimes surprising results. Two revolutionary approaches to the delivery of effective services, common factors and common elements, are then introduced and followed by a treatise on the importance of implementation in child welfare settings. Embracing different types of evidence used for different questions, the role of randomized controlled trials, epidemiology, administrative and survey data are then explored. Finally, the context of service provision within an agency is explored through an overview of the structure, function, and culture of human services organizations; the role of universities in training staff and conducting relevant practice and policy research; and an applied example involving a partnership between a major university and a large child welfare agency.

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[目次]

  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ARON SHLONSKY, RAMI BENBENISHTY
  • PART 1 SETTING THE CONTEXT
  • 1. FROM EVIDENCE TO OUTCOMES IN CHILD WELFARE
  • ARON SHLONSKY, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA, UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA
  • RAMI BENBENISHTY, BAR ILAN UNIVERSITY, ISRAEL
  • 2. THE DECISION-MAKING ECOLOGY
  • DONALD J. BAUMANN, JOHN FLUKE, LEN DALGLEISH,HOMER KERN
  • PART 2 BEYOND EMPIRICALLY SUPPORTED INTERVENTIONS: INNOVATIVE STRATEGIES FOR A COMPLICATED WORLD
  • 3. THE TRANSPORTABILITY OF EMPIRICALLY-SUPPORTED INTERVENTIONS
  • KNUT SUNDELL, NATIONAL BOARD OF HEALTH AND WELFARE, SWEDEN
  • LAURA FERRER-WREDER, DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY, SWEDEN
  • 4. COMMON ELEMENTS AND COMMON FACTORS APPROACHES TO EVIDENCE-INFORMED CHILDREN'S SERVICES: STACKING THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF EFFECTIVE PRACTICE
  • RICHARD P. BARTH, SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK, UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND
  • BETHANY R. LEE, SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK, UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND
  • 5. USING IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE TO IMPROVE SERVICE AND PRACTICE IN CHILD WELFARE: ACTIONS AND ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS
  • ROBYN MILDON, PARENTING RESEARCH CENTRE, MELBOURNE AUSTRALIA
  • NANCY DICKINSON, SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK. UNIVERSITY OF MARILAND
  • ARON SHLONSKY, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA, UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA
  • PART 3 THE QUESTION DRIVES THE METHOD: DIFFERENT TYPES OF EVIDENCE AND THEIR USE
  • 6. POVERTY AND THE BLACK/WHITE PLACEMENT GAP
  • FRED WULCZYN AND BRIDGETTE LERY, CHAPIN HALL AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
  • 7. CHALLENGES TO LEARNING FROM EXPERIMENTS: LESSONS FROM EVALUATING INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES
  • MARK E. COURTNEY, UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
  • MICHAEL PERGAMIT, THE URBAN INSTITUTE
  • MARIA WOOLVERTON, OFFICE OF PLANNING, RESEARCH AND EVALUATION, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
  • MARLA MCDANIEL, THE URBAN INSTITUTE
  • 8. THE CASE FOR A NEEDS-BASED MODEL IN CHILD WELFARE: A CONCEPT TO ADDRESS CHILD WELL-BEING
  • KATHERINE L. CASILLAS & JOHN D. FLUKE, AMERICAN HUMANE ASSOCIATION
  • PART 4 THE DELIVERY OF SERVICES WITHIN AN AGENCY CONTEXT
  • 9. HUMAN SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR USE OF EVIDENCE
  • HILLEL SCHMID, HEBREW UNIVERSITY
  • 10. TRAINING SOCIAL WORKERS TO UNDERSTAND AND USE EVIDENCE
  • ANAT ZEIRA, HEBREW UNIVERSITY
  • 11. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE BASED MANAGEMENT IN CHILD WELFARE: A CANADIAN UNIVERSITY-AGENCY COLLABORATION
  • NICO TROCME, LISE MILNE, TONI ESPOSITO, CLAUDE LAURENDEAU & MATHIEU-JOEL GERVAIS, MCGILL UNIVERSITY

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この本の情報

書名 From evidence to outcomes in child welfare : an international reader
著作者等 Benbenishty Rami
Shlonsky Aron
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 c2014
ページ数 xvi, 234 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 9780199973729
NCID BB16878864
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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