Conformity and conflict : readings in cultural anthropology
[edited by] James Spradley, David W. McCurdy
Demonstrate the nature of culture and its influence on people's lives. For over 40 years, the best-selling Conformity and Conflict has brought together original readings and cutting edge research alongside classic works as a powerful way to study human behavior and events. Its readings cover a broad range of theoretical perspectives and demonstrate basic anthropological concepts. The Fourteenth Edition incorporates successful articles from past editions and fresh ideas from the field to show fascinating perspectives on the human experience. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning - MyAnthroLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking - Articles, article introductions and review questions encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more!
Engage Students - Section parts, key terms, maps, a glossary and subject index all spark student interest and illustrate the reader's main points with examples and visuals from daily life. Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier! You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor's Manual, Electronic "MyTest" Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides. Additionally, Conformity and Conflict's part introductions parallel the basic concepts taught in introductory courses - which allow the book to be used alone as a reader or in conjunction with a main text. Note: MyAnthroLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyAnthroLab, please visit www.MyAnthroLab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyAnthroLab (at no additional cost): VP ISBN-10: 0205176011/ISBN-13: 9780205176014
Glossary Contents Preface World Map and Geographical Placement of Readings ONE Culture and Ethnography 1 Ethnography and Culture James P. Spradley To discover culture, the ethnographer must learn from the informant as a student. 2 Eating Christmas in the Kalahari Richard Borshay Lee The "generous" gift of a Christmas ox involves the anthropologist in a classic case of cross-cultural misunderstanding. 3 Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS Claire E. Sterk Fieldwork among urban prostitutes means doing ethnography under difficult but, in the end, manageable circumstances. 4 Nice Girls Don't Talk to Rastas [Revised] George Gmelch Interaction between a U.S. student and a Rastafarian illustrates the destructive power of naive realism in the fieldwork setting. TWO Language and Communication [Revised] 5 Shakespeare in the Bush Laura Bohannan Cross-cultural communication breaks down when an anthropologist attempts to translate the meaning of Hamlet to the Tiv. 6. Whorf Revisited: You Are What You Speak [NEW] Guy Deutscher New evidence supports Benjamin Lee Whorf's contention that peoples' mother tongue can shape their experience of the world. 7. Managing Meaning: The Military Name Game Sarah Boxer To frame the meaning of its military operations, U.S. armed forces try to name them positively without offending anyone. 8 Conversation Style: Talking on the Job Deborah Tannen On the job, men and women use distinctive conversation styles to ask for help, leading them to evaluate performance and character differently. THREE Subsistence and Ecology 9 The Hunters: Scarce Resources in the Kalahari Richard Borshay Lee !Kung and other foragers traditionally worked less and ate better than many other people with more "advanced" food producing techniques. Today, however, their survival depends more on drilling wells and keeping cattle than on collecting wild foods. 10 Eskimo Science [NEW] Richard Nelson The knowledge developed by Eskimos to hunt successfully contains the same basic principles that underlie a more formally structured scientific method. 11 Domestication and the Evolution of Disease Jared Diamond Herd animal diseases that evolved to infect humans have ended up killing millions of people in the old and new world. 12 Forest Development the Indian Way [Revised] Richard K. Reed South American governments could learn much about tropical forest development from the Amazonian Indians who live there. FOUR Economic Systems 13 Reciprocity and the Power of Giving Lee Cronk Gifts not only function to tie people together, they may also be used to "flatten" an opponent and control the behavior of others. 14 Poverty, Office Work, and the Crack Alternative Philippe Bourgois Poor, uneducated Puerto Rican men living in Spanish Harlem feel that the risks they run selling drugs are preferable to the disrespect they encounter as low-wage employees in New York's financial and service companies. 15 Cocaine and the Economic Deterioration of Bolivia Jack Weatherford The world market for cocaine robs Bolivian villages of their men and causes problems for health, nutrition, transportation, and family. 16 Malawi versus the World Bank Sonia Patten Malawi government's successful state subsidized fertilizer program challenges the World Bank and IMF's insistence on market-driven agricultural programs. FIVE Kinship and Family 17 Mother's Love: Death without Weeping Nancy Scheper-Hughes Close mother-child bonds suffered in the presence of high infant mortality in a Brazilian shantytown although recent changes have reduced the problem to some degree. 18 Family and Kinship in Village India David W. McCurdy Kinship still organizes the lives of Bhil villagers despite economic opportunities that draw people away from the community and dependence on relatives. 19 Polyandry: When Brothers Take a Wife Melvyn C. Goldstein By jointly marrying one woman, Tibetan brothers preserve family resources and the "good life." 20 Uterine Families and the Women's Community Margery Wolf To succeed in a traditional patrilineal family, a Chinese woman had to create her own informal uterine family inside her husband's household. SIX Identity, Roles, and Groups 21 You@Work: Jobs, Identity, and the Internet [NEW] Brenda Mann Today's U.S. job mobility requires "branding" one's identity through careful use of the Internet. 22 The Opt Out Phenomenon: Women, Work, and Identity in America [Revised and retitled] Dianna Shandy Why were young, educated professional women leaving high-paying jobs for a life at home and what difference has today's tough economy made? 23 Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? [NEW] Lila Abu-Lughod Americans should work for justice in the world, not save Muslim women from wearing burqas or following their Islamic religion. 24 Mixed Blood Jefferson M. Fish A woman can change her race from black to "brunette" by taking a plane from New York to Brazil. SEVEN Law and Politics 25 Cross-Cultural Law: The Case of the Gypsy Offender Anne Sutherland Legal cultures clash when a young Gypsy is convicted of using someone else's social security number to apply for a car loan. 26 Life without Chiefs Marvin Harris Small societies based on reciprocal and redistributive economic exchange can do without officials. 27 The Founding Indian Fathers [NEW] Jack Weatherford Although their contribution goes unrecognized, Indian, especially Iroquoian, political structure may have served as a model that helped to produce a United States federal government EIGHT Religion, Magic, and World View 28 Taraka's Ghost StanleyA. Freed and Ruth S. Freed A woman relieves her anxiety and gains family support when a friend's ghost possesses her. 29 Baseball Magic [Revised] George Gmelch American baseball players from the games introduction to today employ magical practices as they try to deal with the uncertainty of their game. 30 Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage Jill Dubisch An annual ritual motorcycle pilgrimage from Los Angles to Washington, DC personally transforms the Vietnam veterans and others who ride in it. 31 Body Ritual Among the Nacirema [NEW] Horace Miner The Nacirema display a complex array of body rituals aimed at achieving health and beauty. NINE Globalization 32 How Sushi Went Global [Brought back from previous edition] Theodore C. Bestor International interdependence between tuna fishermen and sushi as a Japanese culinary style becomes popular in a globalized world. 33 Village Walks: Tourism and Globalization among the Tharu of Nepal [NEW} Arjun Guneratne and Kate Bjork Advertised as a primitive tribe, Tharu villagers endure tours that falsely treat them as part of the Chitwan National Forest's natural history and have responded by building a museum to separate their past from the present. 34 The Road to Refugee Resettlement [Revised] Dianna Shandy Nuer refugees must develop the skill and determination to pass through a series of bureaucratic hurdles to reach and adjust to life in the United States. 35 Global Women in the New Economy Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild Millions of women migrate from poor to wealthy nations serving as nannies, maids, and sex workers. T hey send money home but find it hard to separate from their countries and families. TEN Culture Change and Applied Anthropology xxx 36 Suggestions for Developers: The Peace Corps Problems in Botswana [NEW} Hoyt S. Alverson An anthropologist discovers why some Peace Corps volunteers fail to complete their assignments in rural Botswana, citing perceptions of their role and naive realism as the basic problems. 37 Medical Anthropology: Leprosy on the Ganges [NEW] Ron Barrett Indians who contract leprosy find themselves stigmatized for life, causing them to delay treatment or amplify symptoms to enhance begging. 38 Public Interest Ethnography: Women's Prisons and Health Care in California [NEW] Rachael Stryker Student ethnographers uncover institutional health care problems at two women's prisons in California and suggest changes that result in a revision of state policy. 39 Using Anthropology David McCurdy Professional anthropologists do everything from ethnographies of automobile production lines to famine relief, but even the neophyte may be able to use the ideas of culture and ethnography to succeed in the workplace. Index
Conformity and conflict : readings in cultural anthropology