Powerless science? : science and politics in a toxic world

edited by Soraya Boudia and Nathalie Jas

In spite of decades of research on toxicants, along with the growing role of scientific expertise in public policy and the unprecedented rise in the number of national and international institutions dealing with environmental health issues, problems surrounding contaminants and their effects on health have never appeared so important, sometimes to the point of appearing insurmountable. This calls for a reconsideration of the roles of scientific knowledge and expertise in the definition and management of toxic issues, which this book seeks to do. It looks at complex historical, social, and political dynamics, made up of public controversies, environmental and health crises, economic interests, and political responses, and demonstrates how and to what extent scientific knowledge about toxicants has been caught between scientific, economic, and political imperatives.

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  • List of Figures Acknowledgements Introduction: Greatness and Misery of Science in a Toxic World Soraya Boudia and Nathalie Jas PART I : KNOWLEDGE, EXPERTISE AND THE TRANSFORMATIONS IN REGULATORY SYSTEMS Chapter 1. Precaution and the History of Endocrine Disruptors Nancy Langston Chapter 2. The Political Life of Mutagens: A History of the Ames Test Angela N. H. Creager Chapter 3. DES, Cancer and Endocrine Perturbation: Ways of Regulating, Chemical Risks and Public Expertise in the United States Jean-Paul Gaudilliere Chapter 4. Managing Scientific and Political Uncertainty. Environmental Risk Assessment in an Historical Perspective Soraya Boudia PART II : ACTIVISM AND NON-ACTIVISM: ALTERNATIVE USES OF KNOWLEDGE Chapter 5. Work, Bodies, Militancy: the "Class Ecology" Debate in 1970s Italy Stefania Barca Chapter 6. What Kind of Knowledge is Needed about Toxicant- Related Health Issues? Some Lessons Drawn from the Seveso Dioxin Laura Centemeri Chapter 7. From Suspicious Illness to Policy Change in Petrochemical Regions: Popular Epidemiology, Science and the Law in the U.S. and Italy Barbara Allen Chapter 8. Guinea Pigs go to Court. Epidemiology and Class Actions in Taiwan Paul Jobin and Yu-Hwei Tseng PART III: PUTTING KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, AND REGULATIONN INTO PERSPECTIVE Chapter 9. Reckless Laws, Contaminated People: Science Reveals Legal Shortcomings in Public Health Protections Carl Cranor Chapter 10. Untangling Ignorance in Environmental Risk Assessment Scott Frickel and Michelle Edwards Chapter 11. Low Dose Toxicology: Narratives from the Science-Transcience Interface Sheldon Krimsky Chapter 12. Unruly Technologies and Fractured Oversight: Towards a Model for Chemical Control for the Twenty First Century Jody A. Roberts List of Contributors Index

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書名 Powerless science? : science and politics in a toxic world
著作者等 Jas Natalie
Jas Nathalie
Boudia Soraya
シリーズ名 The environment in history international perspectives
出版元 Berghahn Books
刊行年月 2014
ページ数 viii, 280 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9781782382362
NCID BB14851175
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国