On global justice

Mathias Risse

Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. "On Global Justice" shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice - what he calls pluralist internationalism - where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.

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  • Preface ix Acknowledgments xiii Part 1: Shared Citizenship and Common Humanity Chapter 1: The Grounds of Justice 1 Chapter 2: "Un Pouvoir Ordinaire": Shared Membership in a State as a Ground of Justice 23 Chapter 3: Internationalism versus Statism and Globalism: Contemporary Debates 41 Chapter 4: What Follows from Our Common Humanity? The Institutional Stance, Human Rights, and Nonrelationism 63 Part 2: Common Ownership of the Earth Chapter 5: Hugo Grotius Revisited: Collective Ownership of the Earth and Global Public Reason 89 Chapter 6: "Our Sole Habitation": A Contemporary Approach to Collective Ownership of the Earth 108 Chapter 7: Toward a Contingent Derivation of Human Rights 130 Chapter 8: Proportionate Use: Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth 152 Chapter 9: "But the Earth Abideth For Ever": Obligations to Future Generations 167 Chapter 10: Climate Change and Ownership of the Atmosphere 187 Part 3: International Political and Economic Structures Chapter 11: Human Rights as Membership Rights in the Global Order 209 Chapter 12: Arguing for Human Rights: Essential Pharmaceuticals 232 Chapter 13: Arguing for Human Rights: Labor Rights as Human Rights 245 Chapter 14: Justice and Trade 261 Part 4: Global Justice and Institutions Chapter 15: The Way We Live Now 281 Chapter 16: "Imagine There's No Countries": A Reply to John Lennon 304 Chapter 17: Justice and Accountability: The State 325 Chapter 18: Justice and Accountability: The World Trade Organization 346 Notes 361 Bibliography 415 Index 453

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書名 On global justice
著作者等 Risse, Mathias
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 c2012
ページ数 xii, 465 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9780691166681
NCID BB10255064
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国