History of neurology

volume editors, Stanley Finger, François Boller, and Kenneth L. Tyler

The discipline of neurology emerged in the second half of the 19th Century. With it, chairs and departments of neurology, training programs, specialized journals, and new societies came into being. Trying to understand disorders of the nervous system, however, has roots that can be traced back into antiquity, and the new discipline did not develop in similar ways throughout the world. Further, whereas some neurological disorders seemed relatively easy to understand even before there was a neurological examination, others posed challenges, and many still remain shrouded in mystery. The authors of the present volume examine the fascinating prehistory of neurology, its emergence with as an independent discipline, and how it developed throughout the world. They also look at a number of neurological disorders, some sensory, others motor, and still others affecting higher cognitive functions, to illustrate how our understanding of neurological disorders has changed over time. With 55 chapters, many covering material that has received little or no coverage in other books, this history of neurology is unique in its breadth and depth. Filling a great void, its pages are laced with fascinating medical facts, information about people, and cultural connections. This volume is sure to appeal to neurologists, historians of science and medicine, and inquisitive people from other fields - readers who wish to understand the roots of a discipline and the challenges faced by its pioneers.

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  • Part 1: Beginnings: Ancient trepanation. Mesopotamia. Neurology in ancient Egypt. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud. The Greco-Roman world. After Galen: late antiquity and the Islamic world. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages. The development of neurology and the neurological Sciences in the 17th century. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th century. Part 2: Origins of Modern Neurology: The birth of localisation theory. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines. Jean-Marie Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology. History of the development of the neurological examination. Cognitive assessment in neurology. The origins of functional brain imaging in humans. Part 3: Further Developments of the Discipline: Visual images and neurological illustration. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. A history of child neurology and neurodisability. The history of neuroendocrinology: "The spring of primitive existence". The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurology. Part 4: Dysfunctions of the Nervous System: Headache: a historical outline. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain. A history of cerebro-vascular disease. A history of bacterial meningitis. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: Overview and fat-soluble vitamin A. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: The water-soluble B vitamins. Muscular dystrophy. Sensory and perceptual disorders. The history of movement disorders. The history of sleep medicine. The frontal lobes. The history of aphasia: from brain to language. Alexia and agraphia. Part 5: Regional Landmarks: American neurology. A historical overview of British neurology. The history of neurology in France. The history of neurology in Scandinavia. Neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries. The development of neurology in the Low Countries. The history of neurology in Italy. A history of Russian and Soviet neurology and neuropathology. Neurology and traditional Chinese medicine. The history of clinical neurology in Japan. The history of neurology in Australia and New Zealand. Clinical neurology in Latin America. The history of tropical neurology. Part 6: Treatments and Recovery: Recovery of function: redundancy and vicariation theories. The emergence of the age variable in 19th century neurology: considerations of recovery patterns in acquired childhood aphasia. Rehabilitation therapies. The discovery of neurotransmitters: biochemistry in the service of neurology. Neural transplantation.

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書名 History of neurology
著作者等 Boller, François
Finger, Stanley
Tyler, Kenneth L.
Aminoff Michael J.
Swaab D. F.
Boller Francois
シリーズ名 Handbook of clinical neurology
出版元 Elsevier
刊行年月 2010
ページ数 xviii, 952 p.
大きさ 27 cm
ISBN 9780444520098
NCID BB00611719
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス