This comprehensive research companion examines the theory, practice and historical development of the principle of federalism from the ancient period to the contemporary world. It provides a range of interpretations and integrates theoretical and practical aspects of federalism studies more fully than is usually the case. The volume identifies and examines nascent conceptions of the federal idea in ancient and medieval history and political thought before considering the roots of modern federalism in the ideas of a number of important European political theorists of the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries. The contributors focus on the development and institutionalization of the principle of federalism in the American Republic and examine the historical development and central policy debates surrounding European federalism. The final sections investigate contemporary debates about theories of federalism and regional experiences of federalism in a global context including Africa, India, Australia, the Middle East, and North and South America.
The scope and range of this volume is unparalleled; it will provide the reader with a firm understanding of federalism as issues of federalism promise to play an ever more important role in shaping our world.
Introduction, Ann Ward and Lee Ward
Section 1 Classical and Judeo-Christian Images of Federalism: Introduction
Nascent federalism and its limits in Ancient Greece: Herodotus and Thucydides, Ann Ward and Sara MacDonald
Before federalism? Thomas Aquinas, Jean Quidort and Nicolas Casunus, Nicholas Aroney
The reformational legacy of theologico-political federalism, Shaun DeFreitas and Andries Raath.
Section 2 The Origins of Modern Federalism: Introduction
Johannes Althusius: between secular federalism and the religious state, Bettina Koch
Early Dutch and German federal theory: Spinoza, Hugo and Leibniz, Lee Ward
Montesquieu on federalism and the problem of liberty in the international system, Ann Ward and David S. Fott
Federalism and David Hume's perfect commonwealth, Will Jordan and Scott Yenor
Jean Jacques Rousseau and the case against (and for) federalism, Daniel Cullen
Kant and federalism, Joseph Knippenberg.
Section 3 Federalism and the Early American Republic: Introduction
'A system without precedent': the federalism of the Federalist papers, Quentin Taylor
The anti-federalists and Tocqueville on federalism: lessons for today, David Lewis Schaefer
Thomas Jefferson's enlightenment idea of federalism, Peter McNamara
Tocqueville on federalism as an American accident, Peter Lawler
John C. Calhoun's federalism and its contemporary echoes, James Read
A more perfect union: secession, federalism and democracy in the words and actions of Lincoln, William Mathie.
Section 4 European Federalism: Introduction
Confederation, federal state and federation: around Louis Le Fur, Guillaume Barrera
Looking into Medusa's eyes: Carl Schmitt on federalism, Nicolas Patrici
Alterio Spinelli and European federalism, Roberto Castaldi
Polyvalent federalism: Johannes Althusius to Edvard Kardelj and Titoism, Matthew McCullock
A 'European' federalism: from Alterio Spinelli to the EU Constitutional Treaty, Francesca Vassallo
From Laeken to Lisbon: Europe's experiment with constitutional federalism, Martyn de Bruyn
Section 5 Contemporary Theories of Federalism: Introduction
The covenant tradition of federalism: the pioneering studies of Daniel J. Elazar, Glenn Moots
William Riker's 'rationalist' federalism, Benjamin Kleinerman
Theories of fiscal federalism and the European experience, Alberto Majocchi
Post-modern federalism and sub-state nationalism, Greg Marchildon.
Section 6 Regional Experiences of Federalism: Introduction
African federalism: an indigenous idea with a colonial history, Sara Jordan
Australian federalism: an innovation in constitutionalism, Haig Patapan
India: a model of cooperative federalism, Akhtar Majeed
Federalism: the Latin American experience, Julian Durazo Hermann
Federalism or Islam? Ibn Khaldun on Islam and politics, Khalil Habib
The Rehnquist court and the 'new federalism', Jack Wade Nowlin