50 great myths of popular psychology : shattering widespread misconceptions about human behavior

Scott O. Lilienfeld ... [et al.]

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience. * Uses common myths as a vehicle for exploring how to distinguish factual from fictional claims in popular psychology * Explores topics that readers will relate to, but often misunderstand, such as 'opposites attract', 'people use only 10% of their brains', and 'handwriting reveals your personality' * Provides a 'mythbusting kit' for evaluating folk psychology claims in everyday life * Teaches essential critical thinking skills through detailed discussions of each myth * Includes over 200 additional psychological myths for readers to explore Contains an Appendix of useful Web Sites for examining psychological myths * Features a postscript of remarkable psychological findings that sound like myths but that are true * Engaging and accessible writing style that appeals to students and lay readers alike

「Nielsen BookData」より

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience. * Uses common myths as a vehicle for exploring how to distinguish factual from fictional claims in popular psychology * Explores topics that readers will relate to, but often misunderstand, such as 'opposites attract', 'people use only 10% of their brains', and 'handwriting reveals your personality' * Provides a 'mythbusting kit' for evaluating folk psychology claims in everyday life * Teaches essential critical thinking skills through detailed discussions of each myth * Includes over 200 additional psychological myths for readers to explore Contains an Appendix of useful Web Sites for examining psychological myths * Features a postscript of remarkable psychological findings that sound like myths but that are true * Engaging and accessible writing style that appeals to students and lay readers alike

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface. Acknowledgments. Introduction. The Wide World of Psychomythology. 1 Brain Power. Myths about the Brain and Perception. #1 Most People Use Only 10# of Their Brain Power. #2 Some People Are Left-Brained, Others Are Right-Brained. #3 Extrasensory Perception Is a Well-Established Scientific Phenomenon. #4 Visual Perceptions Are Accompanied by Tiny Emissions from the Eyes. #5 Subliminal Messages Can Persuade People to Purchase Products. 2 From Womb to Tomb. Myths about Development and Aging. #6 Playing Mozart's Music to Infants Boosts Their Intelligence. #7 Adolescence Is Inevitably a Time of Psychological Turmoil. #8 Most People Experience a Midlife Crisis in Their 40s or Early 50s. #9 Old Age Is Typically Associated with Increased Dissatisfaction and Senility. #10 When Dying, People Pass through a Universal Series of Psychological Stages. 3 A Remembrance of Things Past. Myths about Memory. #11 Human Memory Works like a Tape Recorder or Video Camera, and Accurately Records the Events We've Experienced. #12 Hypnosis is Useful for Retrieving Memories of Forgotten Events. #13 Individuals Commonly Repress the Memories of Traumatic Experiences. #14 Most People with Amnesia Forget All Details of Their Earlier Lives. 4 Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks. Myths about Intelligence and Learning. #15 Intelligence Tests Are Biased against Certain Groups of People. #16 If You're Unsure of Your Answer When Taking a Test, It's Best to Stick with Your Initial Hunch. #17 The Defining Feature of Dyslexia Is Reversing Letters. #18 Students Learn Best When Teaching Styles Are Matched to Their Learning Styles. 5 Altered States. Myths about Consciousness. #19 Hypnosis Is a Unique "Trance" State that Differs in Kind from Wakefulness. #20 Researchers Have Demonstrated that Dreams Possess Symbolic Meaning. #21 Individuals Can Learn Information, like New Languages, while Asleep. #22 During "Out-of-Body" Experiences, People's Consciousness Leaves Their Bodies. 6 I've Got a Feeling. Myths about Emotion and Motivation. #23 The Polygraph ("Lie Detector") Test Is an Accurate Means of Detecting Dishonesty. #24 Happiness Is Determined Mostly by Our External Circumstances. #25 Ulcers Are Caused Primarily or Entirely by Stress. #26 A Positive Attitude Can Stave off Cancer. 7 The Social Animal. Myths about Interpersonal Behavior. #27 Opposites Attract: We Are Most Romantically Attracted to People Who Differ from Us. #28 There's Safety in Numbers: The More People Present at an Emergency, the Greater the Chance that Someone Will Intervene. #29 Men and Women Communicate in Completely Different Ways. #30 It's Better to Express Anger to Others than to Hold It in. 8 Know Thyself. Myths about Personality. #31 Raising Children Similarly Leads to Similarities in Their Adult Personalities. #32 The Fact that a Trait Is Heritable Means We Can't Change It. #33 Low Self-Esteem Is a Major Cause of Psychological Problems. #34 Most People Who Were Sexually Abused in Childhood Develop Severe Personality Disturbances in Adulthood. #35 People's Responses to Inkblots Tell Us a Great Deal about Their Personalities. #36 Our Handwriting Reveals Our Personality Traits. 9 Sad, Mad, and Bad. Myths about Mental Illness. #37 Psychiatric Labels Cause Harm by Stigmatizing People. #38 Only Deeply Depressed People Commit Suicide. #39 People with Schizophrenia Have Multiple Personalities. #40 Adult Children of Alcoholics Display a Distinct Profile of Symptoms. #41 There's Recently Been a Massive Epidemic of Infantile Autism. #42 Psychiatric Hospital Admissions and Crimes Increase during Full Moons. 10 Disorder in the Court. Myths about Psychology and the Law. #43 Most Mentally Ill People Are Violent. #44 Criminal Profiling Is Helpful in Solving Cases. #45 A Large Proportion Of Criminals Successfully Use the Insanity Defense. #46 Virtually All People Who Confess to a Crime Are Guilty of It. 11 Skills and Pills. Myths about Psychological Treatment. #47 Expert Judgment and Intuition Are the Best Means of Making Clinical Decisions. #48 Abstinence Is the Only Realistic Treatment Goal for Alcoholics. #49 All Effective Psychotherapies Force People to Confront the "Root" Causes of Their Problems in Childhood. #50 Electroconvulsive ("Shock") Therapy Is a Physically Dangerous and Brutal Treatment. Postscript. Truth is Stranger than Fiction. Appendix. Recommended Websites for Exploring Psychomythology. References. Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface. Acknowledgments. Introduction. The Wide World of Psychomythology. 1 Brain Power. Myths about the Brain and Perception. #1 Most People Use Only 10# of Their Brain Power. #2 Some People Are Left-Brained, Others Are Right-Brained. #3 Extrasensory Perception Is a Well-Established Scientific Phenomenon. #4 Visual Perceptions Are Accompanied by Tiny Emissions from the Eyes. #5 Subliminal Messages Can Persuade People to Purchase Products. 2 From Womb to Tomb. Myths about Development and Aging. #6 Playing Mozart's Music to Infants Boosts Their Intelligence. #7 Adolescence Is Inevitably a Time of Psychological Turmoil. #8 Most People Experience a Midlife Crisis in Their 40s or Early 50s. #9 Old Age Is Typically Associated with Increased Dissatisfaction and Senility. #10 When Dying, People Pass through a Universal Series of Psychological Stages. 3 A Remembrance of Things Past. Myths about Memory. #11 Human Memory Works like a Tape Recorder or Video Camera, and Accurately Records the Events We've Experienced. #12 Hypnosis is Useful for Retrieving Memories of Forgotten Events. #13 Individuals Commonly Repress the Memories of Traumatic Experiences. #14 Most People with Amnesia Forget All Details of Their Earlier Lives. 4 Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks. Myths about Intelligence and Learning. #15 Intelligence Tests Are Biased against Certain Groups of People. #16 If You're Unsure of Your Answer When Taking a Test, It's Best to Stick with Your Initial Hunch. #17 The Defining Feature of Dyslexia Is Reversing Letters. #18 Students Learn Best When Teaching Styles Are Matched to Their Learning Styles. 5 Altered States. Myths about Consciousness. #19 Hypnosis Is a Unique "Trance" State that Differs in Kind from Wakefulness. #20 Researchers Have Demonstrated that Dreams Possess Symbolic Meaning. #21 Individuals Can Learn Information, like New Languages, while Asleep. #22 During "Out-of-Body" Experiences, People's Consciousness Leaves Their Bodies. 6 I've Got a Feeling. Myths about Emotion and Motivation. #23 The Polygraph ("Lie Detector") Test Is an Accurate Means of Detecting Dishonesty. #24 Happiness Is Determined Mostly by Our External Circumstances. #25 Ulcers Are Caused Primarily or Entirely by Stress. #26 A Positive Attitude Can Stave off Cancer. 7 The Social Animal. Myths about Interpersonal Behavior. #27 Opposites Attract: We Are Most Romantically Attracted to People Who Differ from Us. #28 There's Safety in Numbers: The More People Present at an Emergency, the Greater the Chance that Someone Will Intervene. #29 Men and Women Communicate in Completely Different Ways. #30 It's Better to Express Anger to Others than to Hold It in. 8 Know Thyself. Myths about Personality. #31 Raising Children Similarly Leads to Similarities in Their Adult Personalities. #32 The Fact that a Trait Is Heritable Means We Can't Change It. #33 Low Self-Esteem Is a Major Cause of Psychological Problems. #34 Most People Who Were Sexually Abused in Childhood Develop Severe Personality Disturbances in Adulthood. #35 People's Responses to Inkblots Tell Us a Great Deal about Their Personalities. #36 Our Handwriting Reveals Our Personality Traits. 9 Sad, Mad, and Bad. Myths about Mental Illness. #37 Psychiatric Labels Cause Harm by Stigmatizing People. #38 Only Deeply Depressed People Commit Suicide. #39 People with Schizophrenia Have Multiple Personalities. #40 Adult Children of Alcoholics Display a Distinct Profile of Symptoms. #41 There's Recently Been a Massive Epidemic of Infantile Autism. #42 Psychiatric Hospital Admissions and Crimes Increase during Full Moons. 10 Disorder in the Court. Myths about Psychology and the Law. #43 Most Mentally Ill People Are Violent. #44 Criminal Profiling Is Helpful in Solving Cases. #45 A Large Proportion Of Criminals Successfully Use the Insanity Defense. #46 Virtually All People Who Confess to a Crime Are Guilty of It. 11 Skills and Pills. Myths about Psychological Treatment. #47 Expert Judgment and Intuition Are the Best Means of Making Clinical Decisions. #48 Abstinence Is the Only Realistic Treatment Goal for Alcoholics. #49 All Effective Psychotherapies Force People to Confront the "Root" Causes of Their Problems in Childhood. #50 Electroconvulsive ("Shock") Therapy Is a Physically Dangerous and Brutal Treatment. Postscript. Truth is Stranger than Fiction. Appendix. Recommended Websites for Exploring Psychomythology. References. Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 50 great myths of popular psychology : shattering widespread misconceptions about human behavior
著作者等 Lilienfeld, Scott O.
Beyerstein Barry L.
Ruscio John
Lynn Steven Jay
書名別名 Fifty great myths of popular psychology
出版元 Wiley-Blackwell
刊行年月 2010
ページ数 xx, 332 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9781405131117
9781405131124
NCID BA91476696
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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