Civilian immunity in war

edited by Igor Primoratz

The protection of noncombatants from deadly violence is the centrepiece of any account of ethical and legal constraints on war. It was a major achievement of moral progress from early modern times to World War I. Yet it has been under constant attrition since - perhaps never more so than in our time, with its 'new wars', the spectre of weapons of mass destruction, and the global terrorism alert. Civilian Immunity in War, written in collaboration by eleven authors, provides the first comprehensive analysis of all main aspects of this highly topical subject. It considers the arguments for rejection of civilian immunity and the main theories of the grounds and proper scope of this immunity, both deontological (just war theory) and consequentialist. Separate chapters examine the historical development of the idea of civilian immunity, its standing in current international law, and the problem of "collateral damage": of harming civilians without intent, as a side-effect of attacks on military targets. The volume also addresses a string of specific issues. Civilian immunity has undergone much attrition with the development of air warfare and the tendency of military conflict to degenerate into "total" war. On the other hand, modern military technology with its precision guidance missiles and "smart" bombs opens up the possibility of restricting deadly violence to its proper targets and staying clear of civilian life, limb, and property. Another pressing issue is the fate of women in war in light of mass rapes characteristic of some 'new wars'.

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[目次]

  • Acknowledgements
  • Notes on the contributors
  • Introduction
  • PART ONE
  • 1. Civilian immunity in war: its grounds, scope and weight
  • 2. Civilians and soldiers
  • 3. Civilian immunity in war: from Augustine to Vattel
  • 4. Civilian immunity in war: legal aspects
  • 5. Civilian immunity, forcing the choice and collective responsibility
  • 6. Collateral immunity in war and terrorism
  • PART TWO
  • 7. Air power and non-combatant immunity: the road to Dresden
  • 8. Civilian immunity in the precision-guidance age
  • 9. Civilian immunity in the 'new wars'
  • 10. Women, war and international law
  • 11. War and the protection of property

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この本の情報

書名 Civilian immunity in war
著作者等 Primoratz Igor
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 2007
ページ数 xi, 263 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9780199290741
NCID BA85213240
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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