The importance of not being earnest : the feeling behind laughter and humor

Wallace Chafe

The thesis of this book is that neither laughter nor humor can be understood apart from the feeling that underlies them. This feeling is a mental state in which people exclude some situation from their knowledge of how the world really is, thereby inhibiting seriousness where seriousness would be counterproductive. Laughter is viewed as an expression of this feeling, and humor as a set of devices designed to trigger it because it is so pleasant and distracting. Beginning with phonetic analyses of laughter, the book examines ways in which the feeling behind the laughter is elicited by both humorous and nonhumorous situations. It discusses properties of this feeling that justify its inclusion in the repertoire of human emotions. Against this background it illustrates the creation of humor in several folklore genres and across several cultures. Finally, it reconciles this understanding with various already familiar ways of explaining humor and laughter.

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[目次]

  • 1. Preface, pxi-xii
  • 2. Symbols Used in Transcribing Laughter, pxiii
  • 3. Introduction, p1-13
  • 4. Part One: How we laugh
  • 5. The essential ingredients of laughter, p17-23
  • 6. Varieties of laughter, p25-40
  • 7. Laughing while speaking, p41-49
  • 8. Beyond the vocal tract, p51-58
  • 9. Part Two: Why we laugh
  • 10. The feeling of nonseriousness, p61-71
  • 11. Nonseriousness without humor, p73-87
  • 12. Unplanned humor, p89-97
  • 13. Planned humor in oral traditions, p99-116
  • 14. Planned humor in writing, p117-125
  • 15. Humor in other cultures, p127-134
  • 16. Part Three: Pulling things together
  • 17. Recapitulation, p137-138
  • 18. Reconciliation with other studies, p139-155
  • 19. Coda, p157-158
  • 20. References, p159-164
  • 21. Index, p165-167

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この本の情報

書名 The importance of not being earnest : the feeling behind laughter and humor
著作者等 Chafe, Wallace L
シリーズ名 Consciousness & emotion book series
出版元 John Benjamins Pub.
刊行年月 c2007
ページ数 xii, 167 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 9789027241528
NCID BA82421070
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
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