Gradience in grammar : generative perspectives

edited by Gisbert Fanselow ... [et al.]

This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar - the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality. Gradience is at the centre of controversial issues in the theory of grammar and the understanding of language. The acceptability of words and sentences may be linked to the frequency of their use and measured on a scale. Among the questions considered in the book are: whether such measures are beyond the scope of a generative grammar or, in other words, whether the factors influencing acceptability are internal or external to grammar; whether observed gradience is a property of the mentally represented grammar or a reflection of variation among speakers; and what gradient phenomena reveal about the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality, and between competence and performance. The book is divided into four parts. Part I seeks to clarify the nature of gradience from the perspectives of phonology, generative syntax, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. Parts II and III examine issues in phonology and syntax.Part IV considers long wh-movement from different methodological perspectives. The data discussed comes from a wide range of languages and dialects, and includes tone and stress patterns, word order variation, and question formation. Gradience in Grammar will interest linguists concerned with the understanding of syntax, phonology, language acquisition and variation, discourse, and the operations of language within the mind.

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[目次]

  • 1. Gradience in Grammar
  • PART I THE NATURE OF GRADIENCE
  • 2. Is There Gradient Phonology?
  • 3. Gradedness: Interpretive Dependencies and Beyond
  • 4. Linguistic and Metalinguistic Tasks in Phonology: Methods and Findings
  • 5. Intermediate Syntactic Variants in a Dialect: Standard Speech Repertoire and Relative Acceptability
  • 6. Gradedness and Optionality in Mature and Developing Grammars
  • 7. Decomposing Gradience: Quantitative vs Qualitative Distinctions
  • PART II GRADIENCE IN PHONOLOGY
  • 8. Prototypicality Judgments As Inverted Perception
  • 9. Modeling Productivity with The Gradual Learning Algorithm: The Problem of Accidentally Exceptionless Generalizations
  • 10. Gradient Perception of Intonation
  • PART III GRADIENCE IN SYNTAX
  • 11. Gradedness as Relative Efficiency in the Processing of Syntax and Semantics
  • 12. Probabilistic Grammars as Models of Gradience in Language Processing
  • 13. Degraded Acceptability and Markedness in Syntax, and the Stochastic Interpretation of Optimality Theory
  • 14. Linear Optimality Theory as a Model of Gradience in Grammar
  • PART IV GRADIENCE IN WH-MOVEMENT CONSTRUCTIONS
  • 15. Effects of Processing Difficulty on Judgements of Acceptability
  • 16. What's What?
  • 17. Prosodic Influence on Syntactic Judgments
  • References
  • Index

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この本の情報

書名 Gradience in grammar : generative perspectives
著作者等 Fanselow, Gisbert
Schlesewsky, Matthias
Vogel, Ralf
Fery, Caroline
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 2006
ページ数 x, 405 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9780199274796
NCID BA79214850
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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