Transmitting knowledge : words, images, and instruments in early modern Europe

edited by Sachiko Kusukawa and Ian Maclean

The period between the fifteenth and the middle of the seventeenth centuries saw a great many changes and innovations in scientific thinking. These were communicated to various publics in diverse ways; not only through discursive prose and formal notations, but also in the form of instruments and images accompanying texts. The collected essays of this volume examine the modes of transmission of this knowledge in a variety of contexts. The schematic representation of instruments is examined in the case of the 'navicula' (a versatile version of a sundial) and the 'squaddro' (a surveying instrument); the new forms of illustration of plants and the human body are investigated through the work of Fuchs and Vesalius; theories of optics and of matter are discussed in relation to the illustrations which accompany the texts of Ausonio and Descartes. The different diagrammatic strategies adopted to explain the complex medical theory of the latitude of health are charted through the work of medieval and sixteenth-century physicians; Kepler's use of illustration in his handbook of cosmology is placed in the context of book production and Copernican propaganda. The conception of astronomical instruments as either calculating devices or as cosmological models is examined in the case of Tycho Brahe and others. A study is devoted to the multiple functions of frontispieces and to the various readerships for which they were conceived. The papers in the volume are all based on new research, and they constitute together a coherent and convergent set of case studies, which demonstrate the vitality and inventiveness of early modern natural philosophers, and their awareness of the media available to them for transmitting knowledge.

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  • Introduction
  • 1. Visualization in Renaissance Optics: The Function of Geometrical Diagrams and Pictures in the Transmission of Practical Knowledge
  • 2. Medieval Sundials and Manuscript Sources: The Transmission of Information about the Navicula and the organum ptolomei in Fifteenth-Century Europe
  • 3. The Uses of Pictures in the Formation of Learned Knowledge: The Cases of Leonhard Fuchs and Andreas Vesalius
  • 4. Where Logical Necessity Becomes Visual Persuasion: Descartes's Clear and Distinct Illustrations
  • 5. Diagrams in the Defence of Galen: Medical Uses of Tables, Squares, Dichotomies, Wheels, and Latitudes, 1480-1574
  • 6. The Production and Distribution of Mutio Oddi's Dello squadro (1625)
  • 7. Objects of Knowledge: Mathematics and Models in Sixteenth-Century Cosmology and Astronomy
  • 8. Kepler's Epitome: New Images for an Innovative Book
  • 9. 'Docet parva pictura, quod multae scripturae non dicunt.' Frontispieces, their Functions, and their Audiences in Seventeenth-Century Mathematical Sciences
  • Index

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書名 Transmitting knowledge : words, images, and instruments in early modern Europe
著作者等 Maclean, Ian
楠川 幸子
Kusukawa Sachiko
シリーズ名 Oxford-Warburg studies
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 2006
ページ数 xv, 274 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9780199288786
NCID BA77663150
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス