Civil happiness : economics and human flourishing in historical perspective

Luigino Bruni

Economists have long laboured under the misapprehension that all humans exist as rational beings that find happiness in maximizing their personal utility. This impressive volume presents an historical review of the evolution of economic thought, from economic philosophy to contemporary mathematical economics, and its critique of how the human and social dimensions of economics have been lost in this evolutionary process. Examining the crucial period in the late eighteenth century when economists such Smith and Genovesi tried to reconcile the classical tradition of Civil humanism emerging commercial society, this key book analyses the impact that the hedonist approach to economics had in removing the ethical conception of happiness. In addition, it focuses on the impact that J.S. Mill, Wicksteed and Pareto had in shifting methodological thinking away from an emphasis on civil happiness. Simply put, this book is essential reading for economists everywhere.

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Economists have long laboured under the misapprehension that all humans exist as rational beings that find happiness in maximizing their personal utility. This impressive volume presents an historical review of the evolution of economic thought, from economic philosophy to contemporary mathematical economics, and its critique of how the human and social dimensions of economics have been lost in this evolutionary process. Examining the crucial period in the late eighteenth century when economists, such as Smith and Genovesi tried to reconcile the classical tradition of Civil humanism emerging commercial society, this key book analyses the impact that the hedonist approach to economics had in removing the ethical conception of happiness. In addition, it focuses on the impact that J. S. Mill, Wicksteed and Pareto had in shifting methodological thinking away from an emphasis on civil happiness. Simply put, this book is essential reading for economists everywhere.

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[目次]

  • Introduction and Summary. Acknowledgements. Part 1: Happiness, Again 1. The Easterlin Paradox 2. Happiness and More 3. What is Happiness? Part 2: The Explanations of the Easterlin Paradox 1. Hedonic Treadmill and Set-Point Theory 2. Satisfaction Treadmill 3. The 'social treadmill' Part 3: From the 'Civil' to the 'Uncivil' Animal 1. Aristotle's Eudaimonia 2. Civic Humanism 3. The Sunset of the Civil 4. The 'Uncivil Animal' Tradition Part 4: Public Happiness 1. Towards a New Foundation of Civil life 2. Della Pubblica Felicita 3. Between Tradition and Modernity Part 5: Genovesi, and the Neapolitan School of Civil Economy 1. The Bright Lights of Naples 2. Civil Virtues, Public Happiness 3. On the Other Hand: Private Interests and Common Good in Civil Economy Tradition 4. Economia Civile and Fede Pubblica Part 6: Happiness as Reciprocity 1. A Relational Anthropology 2. More than Sociality: Reciprocity 3. Wealth and Happiness 4. The Happiness of Others 5. A Short Evaluation Part 7: Adam Smith: Sociality Outside Market 1. Market and Civil Society 2. Trust as Reputation 3. Happiness as Deception 4. Which Sociality in Market? Part 8: The Cambridge Civil Tradition 1. Malthus on Happiness and Sociality 2. Marshall, the 'Good Economic Science' 3. Analogies and Differences Part 9: Happiness Becomes Pleasure 1. The English Happiness 2. John Stuart Mill 3. Bentham's Hedonic Happiness 4. The (Anti)Classical Hedonist Economics Part 10: 1. Pareto and Wicksteed: The Definitive Divorce Between Economics and Civil Happiness 2. Wicksteed's Non-Tuism Part 11: Happiness and Relational Good. References

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[目次]

  • Civil Happiness * Economics and human flourishing in historical perspective * Index: * Introduction and Summary * Acknowledgements * Chapter 1 * Happiness, again * 1. The Easterlin Paradox * 2. Happiness and more * 3. What is happiness? * Chapter 2 * The explanations of the Easterlin paradox * 1. Hedonic treadmill and set-point theory * 2. Satisfaction treadmill * 3. The "social treadmill": relative consumption and positional competition * Chapter 3 * From the "Civil" to the "Uncivil" animal * 1. Aristotle's eudaimonia * 1.1. A multidimensional reality * 1.2. Eudaimonia and relational goods * 3. Civic Humanism * 3. The sunset of the civil * 4. The "uncivil animal" tradition: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Mandeville, Hume * 4.1. Machiavelli's political virtue * 4.2. Hobbes' political revolution * 4.4. Hume's cooperation without benevolence * Chapter 4 * Public Happiness * 1. Towards a New Foundation of Civil life * 2. Della Pubblica Felicita * 3. Between tradition and modernity * Chapter 5 * Genovesi, and the Neapolitan School of Civil Economy * 1. The Bright Lights of Naples * 2. Civil virtues, public happiness * 2.1. The civil and doux commerce * 2.2. Luxury, vice or virtue? * 3. On the other hand: Private Interests and Common Good in Civil Economy tradition * 4. Economia Civile and Fede Pubblica * Chapter 6 * Happiness as Reciprocity * 1. A Relational Anthropology * 2. More than sociality: reciprocity * 3. Wealth and happiness * 4. The happiness of others * 5. A short evaluation * Chapter 7 * Adam Smith: sociality outside market * 1. Market and Civil Society * 2. Trust as reputation * 4. Happiness as Deception * 4. Which sociality in market? * Chapter 8 * The Cambdridge Civil Tradition * 1. Malthus on happiness and sociality * 2. Marshall, the "Good economic Science" * 2.1. The Economics of the "Man in Flesh and blood" but not of "friendship" * 2.2. The " Transformation problem" of goods into happiness * 3. Analogies and differences * Chapter 9 * Happiness Becomes pleasure * 1. The English Happiness * 2. John Stuart Mill * 2.1. A "Relational" Utilitarian * 2.2. The Paradox of Happiness: The Happiness of Others * 3. Bentham's hedonic happiness * 4. The (anti)classical hedonist economics * Chapter 10 * 1. Pareto and Wicksteed: the Definitive Divorce Between Economics and Civil Happiness * 1.1. The economics of experimental facts * 1.2. Economics as instrumentality * 2. Wicksteed's Non-Tuism * 2.1. The Robinson Crusoe Economics * 2.2. Economic relations as a game of chess * 2.3. Economics, the realm of instrumental interactions * 3. A Note on the Absence of the Interpersonal Dimension in the Theory of Rational Choice * Chapter XI * Happiness and Relational Good: a Clue to the Paradox * 1. Which sociality in happiness studies? * 2. Some evidence * 3. Relational goods * 4. A relational explanation of the Easterlin Paradox * Post Scriptum * REFERENCES *

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この本の情報

書名 Civil happiness : economics and human flourishing in historical perspective
著作者等 Bruni, Luigino
シリーズ名 Routledge studies in the history of economics
出版元 Routledge
刊行年月 2006
ページ数 xv, 169 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0415326281
9780415494106
NCID BA76295357
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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