The text of this new Norton Critical Edition of Oscar Wilde's most famous play is the established three-act version. It is accompanied by explanatory annotations and by an appendix of excised portions. "Backgrounds" includes essays on Wilde and the 1890s by prominent cultural critics. Contemporary reviews and reactions are featured, among them George Bernard Shaw's famous dissenting view. Six diverse critical assessments of Wilde and the play are included, along with a chronology and selected bibliography.