#  ## Continuous-time models

Steven E. Shreve

"A wonderful display of the use of mathematical probability to derive a large set of results from a small set of assumptions. In summary, this is a well-written text that treats the key classical models of finance through an applied probability approach...It should serve as an excellent introduction for anyone studying the mathematics of the classical theory of finance." --SIAM

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

• 1 General Probability Theory 1.1 In.nite Probability Spaces 1.2 Random Variables and Distributions 1.3 Expectations 1.4 Convergence of Integrals 1.5 Computation of Expectations 1.6 Change of Measure 1.7 Summary 1.8 Notes 1.9 Exercises 2 Information and Conditioning 2.1 Information and s-algebras 2.2 Independence 2.3 General Conditional Expectations 2.4 Summary 2.5 Notes 2.6 Exercises 3 Brownian Motion 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Scaled Random Walks 3.2.1 Symmetric Random Walk 3.2.2 Increments of Symmetric Random Walk 3.2.3 Martingale Property for Symmetric Random Walk 3.2.4 Quadratic Variation of Symmetric Random Walk 3.2.5 Scaled Symmetric Random Walk 3.2.6 Limiting Distribution of Scaled Random Walk 3.2.7 Log-Normal Distribution as Limit of Binomial Model 3.3 Brownian Motion 3.3.1 Definition of Brownian Motion 3.3.2 Distribution of Brownian Motion 3.3.3 Filtration for Brownian Motion 3.3.4 Martingale Property for Brownian Motion 3.4 Quadratic Variation 3.4.1 First-Order Variation 3.4.2 Quadratic Variation 3.4.3 Volatility of Geometric Brownian Motion 3.5 Markov Property 3.6 First Passage Time Distribution 3.7 Re.ection Principle 3.7.1 Reflection Equality 3.7.2 First Passage Time Distribution 3.7.3 Distribution of Brownian Motion and Its Maximum 3.8 Summary 3.9 Notes 3.10 Exercises 4 Stochastic Calculus 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Ito's Integral for Simple Integrands 4.2.1 Construction of the Integral 4.2.2 Properties of the Integral 4.3 Ito's Integral for General Integrands 4.4 Ito-Doeblin Formula 4.4.1 Formula for Brownian Motion 4.4.2 Formula for Ito Processes 4.4.3 Examples 4.5 Black-Scholes-Merton Equation 4.5.1 Evolution of Portfolio Value 4.5.2 Evolution of Option Value 4.5.3 Equating the Evolutions 4.5.4 Solution to the Black-Scholes-Merton Equation 4.5.5 TheGreeks 4.5.6 Put-Call Parity 4.6 Multivariable Stochastic Calculus 4.6.1 Multiple Brownian Motions 4.6.2 Ito-Doeblin Formula for Multiple Processes 4.6.3 Recognizing a Brownian Motion 4.7 Brownian Bridge 4.7.1 Gaussian Processes 4.7.2 Brownian Bridge as a Gaussian Process 4.7.3 Brownian Bridge as a Scaled Stochastic Integral 4.7.4 Multidimensional Distribution of Brownian Bridge 4.7.5 Brownian Bridge as Conditioned Brownian Motion 4.8 Summary 4.9 Notes 4.10 Exercises 5 Risk-Neutral Pricing 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Risk-Neutral Measure 5.2.1 Girsanov's Theorem for a Single Brownian Motion 5.2.2 Stock Under the Risk-Neutral Measure 5.2.3 Value of Portfolio Process Under the Risk-Neutral Measure 5.2.4 Pricing Under the Risk-Neutral Measure 5.2.5 Deriving the Black-Scholes-Merton Formula 5.3 Martingale Representation Theorem 5.3.1 Martingale Representation with One Brownian Motion 5.3.2 Hedging with One Stock 5.4 Fundamental Theorems of Asset Pricing 5.4.1 Girsanov and Martingale Representation Theorems 5.4.2 Multidimensional Market Model 5.4.3 Existence of Risk-Neutral Measure 5.4.4 Uniqueness of the Risk-Neutral Measure 5.5 Dividend-Paying Stocks 5.5.1 Continuously Paying Dividend 5.5.2 Continuously Paying Dividend with Constant Coeffcients 5.5.3 Lump Payments of Dividends 5.5.4 Lump Payments of Dividends with Constant Coeffcients 5.6 Forwards and Futures 5.6.1 Forward Contracts 5.6.2 Futures Contracts 5.6.3 Forward-Futures Spread 5.7 Summary 5.8 Notes 5.9 Exercises 6 Connections with Partial Differential Equations 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Stochastic Differential Equations 6.3 The Markov Property 6.4 Partial Differential Equations 6.5 Interest Rate Models 6.6 Multidimensional Feynman-Kac Theorems 6.7 Summary 6.8 Notes 6.9 Exercises 7 Exotic Options 7.1 Introduction

「Nielsen BookData」より

### 書名 Continuous-time models Shreve, Steven E Springer finance Springer c2004 1st ed. 2004. Corr. 2nd printing 2010 xix, 550 p. 24 cm 9780387401010 BA67969405 ※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示 英語 アメリカ合衆国

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