Electoral systems and political transformation in post-communist Europe

Sarah Birch

Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-Communist Europe assesses the influence of electoral systems on political change in twenty post-communist European states between 1990 and 2002. In examining the effects of institutional structures, it is a companion volume to the collective monograph on their causes entitled Embodying Democracy: Electoral System Design in Post-Communist Europe (Palgrave Macmillan 2002). Changing patterns of electoral linkage between representatives and citizens are a central feature of political transformation in the post-communist region, and electoral system design plays a key role in shaping these patterns. Sarah Birch finds that even in the early stages of democratization, electoral institutions have systematic effects that contribute in important ways to the formation of representative structures. 'Party-enabling' aspects of electoral laws such as list proportional representation tend to foster popular inclusion in politics and institutionalized party systems, whereas 'politician-enabling' rules such as single-member districts and ballots that allow voters to select individuals often favour the development of weakly structured systems and high levels of popular exclusion from the representative process.

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  • List of Tables Preface PART I: ELECTORAL SYSTEMS IN POST-COMMUNIST EUROPE Electoral Institutions and Post-Communist Transition: Theoretical Considerations An Overview of Post-Communist Electoral Systems: Design and Measurement PART II: ELECTORAL SYSTEMS AND VOTERS Electoral Participation Representational Inclusion PART III: ELECTORAL SYSTEMS AND PARTIES Party System Size and Shape Party System Stability and Change Conclusion Appendix A: Summary Election Results for 20 Post-Communist States Appendix B: Data Sources Appendix C: Data on Party System Evolution Bibliography

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書名 Electoral systems and political transformation in post-communist Europe
著作者等 Birch, Sarah
シリーズ名 One Europe or several?
出版元 Palgrave Macmillan
刊行年月 2003
ページ数 xii, 212 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 0333987659
NCID BA6651823X
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス