Philosophy of science : a very short introduction

Samir Okasha

What is science? Is there a real difference between science and myth? Is science objective? Can science explain everything? This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir Okasha goes on to investigate the nature of scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, revolutions in science, and theories such as realism and anti-realism. He also looks at philosophical issues in particular sciences, including the problem of classification in biology, and the nature of space and time in physics. The final chapter touches on the conflicts between science and religion, and explores whether science is ultimately a good thing. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

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[目次]

  • 1. What is science?
  • A very short history of science
  • Does science have an essential nature?
  • Science and pseudo-science
  • 2. Scientific reasoning
  • Induction and deduction
  • Hume's problem
  • Two types of inductive reasoning
  • Probability and induction
  • 3. Explanation in science
  • The 'covering-law' model of explanation
  • Alternative models of explanation
  • Can science explain everything?
  • 4. Realism and anti-realism about science
  • Scientific realism
  • Objections to scientific realism
  • Varieties of anti-realism
  • 5. Scientific change and scientific revolutions
  • Explaining scientific change
  • Thomas Kuhn on 'normal' and 'revolutionary' science
  • Sociological accounts of scientific change
  • 6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology and linguistics
  • Leibniz versus Newton on absolute space
  • The problem of biological classification
  • Is knowledge of language innate
  • 7. Science and its critics
  • Is science a good thing?
  • Science and religion
  • The science wars

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この本の情報

書名 Philosophy of science : a very short introduction
著作者等 Okasha, Samir
シリーズ名 Very short introductions
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 2002
ページ数 144 p.
大きさ 18 cm
ISBN 9780192802835
NCID BA5754475X
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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