Unshadowed thought : representation in thought and language

Charles Travis

This book mounts a sustained attack on ideas that are dear to many practitioners of analytic philosophy. Charles Travis targets the seductive illusion that - in Wittgenstein's terms - "if anyone utters a sentence and means or understands it, he is operating a calculus according to definite rules". This book rejects the idea that thoughts are essentially representational items whose content is independent of context. In doing so, it undermines the foundations of much contemporary philosophy of mind. Travis's main argument in "Unshadowed Thought" is that linguistic expressions and forms are occasion-sensitive; they cannot be abstracted out of a concrete context. With compelling examples and a thoroughgoing scrutiny of opposing positions, this book systematically works out the implications of the work of J.L. Austin, Hilary Putnam and John McDowell. Eloquently insisting that there is no particular way one must structure what one relates to, no one way one must represent it, "Unshadowed Thought" identifies and resists a certain strain of semantic Platonism that permeates current philosophy - a strain that has had profoundly troubling consequences for our ideas about attitudes and beliefs and for our views about what language might be.

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  • Preface I. Shadows 1. A Terminological Interlude: Understandings 2. The Word-like Face of Shadows 3. The World-like Face of Shadows 4. Platonism 5. Essential Structure 6. Surrogates 7. Antiplatonism 8. Understandings Again II. Thoughts and Talk 1. On Representing 2. Disambiguations 3. Sinn 4. On Representing Differently 5. Subjects and Predicates III. Thoughts and Attitudes 1. What Thoughts Might Be 2. Equivalences 3. Approximatism 4. A Problem to Solve? 5. Alternatives IV. Thoughts and Inference 1. A Role for Thoughts in Inference 2. What Logic Is About 3. Thoughts, Consequences, and Ways for Things to Be V. Abilities to Think Things 1. Counting Thoughts 2. A Role for Abilities 3. Abilities 4. Plasticity 5. Generalizing VI. Things to Think About 1. Properties and Truth 2. Ways for Things to Be 3. Structuring the Ways Things Are 4. Saying, and Thinking, the Same VII. Thinking Things 1. Thinking-So 2. Classifying Attitudes 3. Epistemology 4. Surrogates Revisited 5. Thoughts 6. Thoughts and Sense 7. Mentioning Thoughts 8. Conclusion VIII. Opacity, System, and Cause 1. Opacity 2. Are Attitude Ascriptions Opaque? 3. System 4. System Failures 5. Cause IX. Situated Representing 1. Meaning and Shadows 2. Familiar Forms 3. Ordinary Practice 4. Scientism 5. Using Words 6. Meaning's Role X. Truth and Sense 1. Truth 2. Correspondence 3. A Sensible Notion of Sense 4. Sense and Things 5. Sense and World 6. Circumstance Notes Index

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書名 Unshadowed thought : representation in thought and language
著作者等 Travis, Charles, 1943
Travis Charles
出版元 Harvard University Press
刊行年月 2000
ページ数 xiv, 263 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 067400339X
NCID BA50757300
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国