The autonomy of history : truth and method from Erasmus to Gibbon

Joseph M. Levine

In these essays, Joseph M. Levine shows how the idea and method of modern history first began to develop during the Renaissance, when a clear distinction between history and fiction was first proposed. The new claims for history were met by a scepticism in a debate that still echoes today. Levine's first three essays discuss Thomas More's preoccupation with the distinction between history and fiction; Erasmus's biblical criticism and the contribution of Renaissance philology to critical method; and the way in which Renaissance rhetoric, as in Thomas Elyot's "Book of the Governor", continued to inhibit the autonomy of history. He then shows how these issues persisted into the 18th century, even as critical method developed. He concludes with a close description of the great controversy that culminated in Edward Gibbon's day over the authenticity of a biblical text that had been used for centuries to defend the Trinity but which turned out to be a forgery. Levine shows how by then all sides were ready to concede the autonomy of history.

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  • Part One: Renaissance EssaysCh. 1. Thomas More and the English Renaissance: History and Fiction in Utopia Ch. 2. Philology and History: Erasmus and the Johannine Comma Ch. 3. Thomas Elyot, Stephen Hawes, and the Education of Eloquence Part Two: Ancients and Moderns Ch. 4. Strife in the Republic of Letters Ch. 5. The Battle of the Books and the Field of Achilles Ch. 6. Jonathan Swift and the Idea of History Ch. 7. Giambattista Vico and the Quarrel between the Ancients and the Moderns Part Three: Edward Gibbon and the Johannine Comma Ch. 8. Truth and Method in Gibbon's Historiography Ch. 9. Travis vs. Gibbon Ch. 10 Porson vs. Travis Part Four: History and Theory Ch. 11 The Autonomy of History: R.G. Collingwood and Agatha Christie Ch. 12 Collingwood, Vico, and the Autobiography Ch. 13 Method in the History of Ideas: More, Machiavelli, and Quentin Skinner Ch. 14 Objectivity in History: Peter Novick and R.G. Collingwood

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書名 The autonomy of history : truth and method from Erasmus to Gibbon
著作者等 Levine, Joseph M.
出版元 University of Chicago Press
刊行年月 c1999
ページ数 xviii, 249 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0226475417
NCID BA50539296
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国