The rise and fall of the European defence community : Anglo-American Relations and the crisis of European defence, 1950-55

Kevin Ruane

Using the European Defence Community (EDC) as a case-study, this book examines the competing and often conflicting views of the British and American governments towards European integration in the 1950s. Unlike much of the scholarship on Britain and Europe, this study argues that London, with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden to the fore, was both positive and constructive in its support for the supranational EDC. Indeed, in 1953, when the US government warned of an 'agonizing reappraisal' of its defence relationship with Europe if the project failed, British support actually intensified. By 1954, this American factor, rather than support for European unity per se, had become the dominant feature of EdenOs policy. When, in August 1954, the French parliament destroyed the EDC and simultaneously plunged NATO into chaos, it was fear of the 'agonizing reappraisal' that also determined much of Eden's ultimately successful crisis management. At the London Nine-Power Conference of September-October 1954, the British were instrumental not only in holding NATO together and anchoring West Germany firmly in the Western camp, but in encouraging Washington to re-dedicate itself to European defence. This last achievement has rarely been given the prominence it deserves, perhaps because contemporary observers, and many historians, dismissed the 'agonizing reappraisal' as a bluff. However, as this book will show, there was more substance to the threat than is often allowed, with sections of the US Congress in particular pressing the Eisenhower Administ-tion to adopt a 'peripheral' defence of Europe.

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  • Dedication Acknowledgements Introduction: Agonizing Reappraisals PART I: THE CRISIS LOOMS Britain, the United States and the Rearming of Germany: October 1950 to May 1952 Anglo-American Relations and the EDC: May 1952 to December 1953 PART II: THE CRISIS BREAKS A Parting of the Ways: The Bermuda Conference and Paris NATO Council, December 1953 French Ratification of the EDC: Competing Anglo-American Approaches, January to July 1954 The Death of the EDC: July to August 1954 PART III: THE CRISIS RESOLVED Selling the Solution: British Crisis Management: August to September 1954 Anglo-American Divorce and Reconciliation: September 1954 Phoenix from the Ashes: The Birth of the Western European Union, October 1954 to May 1955 PART IV: CONCLUSION Agonizing Reappraisals: Anglo-American Relations and the Crisis of European Defence Bibliography Index

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書名 The rise and fall of the European defence community : Anglo-American Relations and the crisis of European defence, 1950-55
著作者等 Ruane Kevin
シリーズ名 Cold War history
出版元 Macmillan;St. Martin's Press
刊行年月 2000
ページ数 ix, 252 p.
大きさ 22 cm
ISBN 0312234821
NCID BA50518387
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス