This work aims to provide an accessible reference tool for students, researchers, historians and Russian history enthusiasts. It examines the period from Ivan IV to the death of Nicholas II. There are chronologies for each of the reigns of that period and coverage of important political and administrative changes, the influence of the West, religion, serfdom and economic progress. Wars and international relations are succinctly explained, as is the rise of radicalism and the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Other sections deal with education, the arts, law, the press and censorship.