Moral theory : a non-consequentialist approach

David S. Oderberg

The last thirty years have seen the burgeoning of applied ethics, in which moral philosophy is applied to concrete ethical problems. While this is a welcome development, it is also true that the discipline has been dominated by one particular ethical theory, namely consequentialism.Moral Theory, and its companion volume Applied Ethics, provide a much-needed alternative to consequentialist orthodoxy. Moral Theory sets out the basic system used to solve moral problems, the system that consequentialists deride as 'traditional morality' and which they believe is 'dead'. The central concepts, principles and distinctions of traditional morality are explained and defended: rights: justice: the good: virtue: the intention/foresight distinction: the acts/omissions distinction: and, centrally, the fundamental value of human life.By challenging contemporary thinking, Moral Theory and Applied Ethics make a distinctive and provocative contribution to current debate, which will be useful both to undergraduates and professional philosophers.

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  • Preface and Acknowledgements. 1 Ethics, Knowledge and Action.1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Ethics and Knowledge. The Fact-Value Distinction. Relativism. Prescriptivism and Expressivism. 1.3 Ethics and Action. 2 Basic Concepts in Moral Theory I.2.1 Introduction. 2.2 The Good. 2.3 Virtue. 2.4 Rights and Duties. 2.5 Rights and Contracts. 2.6 Rights and Consequentialism. 2.7 Collision of Rights. 3 Basic Concepts in Moral Theory II.3.1 Intention and Foresight. Good, Evil and the Will. The Principle of Double Effect. Criticisms of PDE and Replies. 3.2 Acts and Omissions. Another Derided Distinction. Initial Clarifications of AOD. The Derided Distinction Defended. 4 Close-Up on the Good of Life.4.1 Life as a Good. 4.2 The Right to Life and the Sanctity of Life. 4.3 The Sanctity of Life and its Critics: Innocence. A Life Not Worth Living? 4.4 Persons and Human Beings. Notes and Further Reading. Index.

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書名 Moral theory : a non-consequentialist approach
著作者等 Oderberg, David S.
出版元 Blackwell Publishers
刊行年月 2000
ページ数 xiii, 197 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 063121903X
NCID BA46904037
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス