Advances in historical ecology

William Balée, editor

Ecology is an attempt to understand the reciprocal relationship between living and nonliving elements of the earth. For years, however, the discipline either neglected the human element entirely or presumed its effect on natural ecosystems to be invariably negative. Among social scientists, notably in geography and anthropology, efforts to address this human-environment interaction have been criticized as deterministic and mechanistic. Bridging the divide between social and natural sciences, the contributors to this book use a more holistic perspective to explore the relationships between humans and their environment. Exploring short- and long-term local and global change, eighteen specialists in anthropology, geography, history, ethnobiology, and related disciplines present new perspectives on historical ecology. A broad theoretical background on the material factors central to the field is presented, such as anthropogenic fire, soils, and pathogens. A series of regional applications of this knowledge base investigates landscape transformations over time in South America, the Mississippi Delta, the Great Basin, Thailand, and India. The contributors focus on traditional societies where lands are most at risk from the incursions of complex, state-level societies. This book lays the groundwork for a more meaningful understanding of humankind's interaction with its biosphere. Scholars and environmental policymakers alike will appreciate this new critical vocabulary for grasping biocultural phenomena.

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[目次]

  • Foreward, by Carole L. CrumleyHuman and Material Factors in Historical EcologyHistorical Ecology: Premises and Postulates, by William L. BaleeEcological History and Historical Ecology: Diachronic Modeling Versus Historical Explanation, by Neil L. WhiteheadA Historical-Ecological Perspective on Epidemic Disease, by Linda A. NewsonForged in Fire: History, Land, and Anthropogenic Fire, by Stephen J. PyneDiachronic Ecotones and Anthropogenic Landscapes in Amazonia: Contesting the Consciousness of Conservation, by Darrell A. PoseyMetaphor and Metaphorism: Some Thoughts on Environmental Metahistory, by Elizabeth GrahamRegional Research and Landscape Analyses in Historical EcologyThe Rat That Ate Louisiana: Aspects of Historical Ecology in the Mississippi River Delta, by Tristam R. KidderCultural, Human, and Historical Ecology in the Great Basin: Fifty Years of Ideas About Ten Thousand Years of Prehistory, by Robert L. BettingerAncient and Modern Hunter-Gatherers of Lowland South America: An Evolutionary Problem, by Anna C. RooseveltPotential Versus Actual Vegetation: Human Behavior in a Landscape Medium, by Ted GragsonDomestication as a Historical and Symbolic Process: Wild Gardens and Cultivated Forests in the Ecuadorian Amazon, by Laura RivalIndependent Yet Interdependent "Isode": The Historical Ecology of Traditional Piaroa Settlement Pattern, by Stanford ZentWhatever Happened to the Stone Age? Steel Tools and Yanomami Historical Ecology, by R. Brian FergusonMissionary Activity and Indian Labor in the Upper Rio Negro of Brazil, 1680--1980: A Historical-Ecological Approach, by Janet M. ChernelaCultural Persistence and Environmental Change: The Otomi of the Valle del Mezquital, by Elinor G. K. MelvilleThe Great Cow Explosion in Rajasthan, by Carol HendersonThe Historical Ecology of Thailand: Increasing Thresholds of Human, by Environmental Impact from Prehistory to the Present Leslie E. SponselEpilogue, by T. R. Kidder and William Balee

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この本の情報

書名 Advances in historical ecology
著作者等 Balée, William L.
Balee William L.
シリーズ名 The historical ecology series
出版元 Columbia University Press
刊行年月 c1998
ページ数 xvi, 429 p.
大きさ 26 cm
ISBN 0231106335
0231106327
NCID BA38865337
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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