International law, human rights, and Japanese law : the impact of international law on Japanese law

Yuji Iwasawa

The impact international law has had on Japanese law has been substantial, especially in the field of human rights. The author of this volume, one of Japan's leading international lawyers, examines extensively the relationship between his country's domestic rules and regulations, and the numerous international treaties and conventions which it has ratified in recent years. Some changes were made to domestic laws in an attempt to make them conform with these international instruments, but individuals went to the courts to try to obtain further necessary modification. Such direct invocations of international law have met with little success, but the laws concerned are often amended at a later date, due to political pressure. The changes in domestic law that such amendments have wrought, have improved the human rights situation in Japan, and have lead to a growing interest in international law within that country. The author pays particular attention in this volume to the laws governing sexual equality, the legal status of aliens, and the treatment of mental health patients, amongst others. The book details the changes that international law has brought in these areas, despite the skepticism of the Japanese courts regarding the validity of international human rights law as a source of law.

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[目次]

  • Table of Abbreviations
  • Table of Cases
  • Table of Treaties and other International Instruments
  • I. INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER
  • A. Purpose
  • B. Attitude of Japan
  • II. THE TREATY-MAKING PROCESS IN JAPAN
  • A. Approval of Treaties by the Diet
  • B, 'Treaties' and 'Executive Agreements'
  • C, Implementation of Treaties in Japan
  • III. THE STATUS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW IN JAPAN
  • A. Domestic Legal Force of International Law
  • B. Binding Character of International Instruments
  • C. Progressive Character of Human Rights Treaties
  • D. Direct Applicability of International Law in Japan
  • E. Indirect Application of International Law
  • F. External Application of International Law
  • G. Rank of International Law
  • H. Judicial Review of Treaties
  • I. Legal Effect in Japan of Acts of International Organs
  • IV. THE IMPACT OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW ON RESIDENT ALIENS IN JAPAN
  • A. Introduction
  • B. Historical Background
  • C. Aliens and International Human Rights Law
  • D. Nationality of Koreans in Japan
  • E. Immigration Control
  • F. Alien Registration
  • G. Substantive Rights
  • H. Conclusion
  • V. THE IMPACT OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW ON WOMEN IN JAPAN
  • A. Introduction
  • B. Japan and the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
  • C. Changes Made upon Ratification of the Convention
  • D. Other Changes Made
  • E. Conclusion
  • VI. THE IMPACT OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW ON DETENTION IN JAPAN
  • A. Detention of Mental Patients
  • B. Criminal Detention
  • C. Conclusion
  • VII. CONCLUDING CHAPTER
  • A. The Relationship between International Law and Japanese Law
  • B. Impact of International Law on Japanese Law
  • Select Bibliography
  • Index

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この本の情報

書名 International law, human rights, and Japanese law : the impact of international law on Japanese law
著作者等 岩沢 雄司
Iwasawa Yuji
出版元 Clarendon
刊行年月 1998
ページ数 xlii, 355 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0198259123
NCID BA38305070
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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