Language wars and linguistic politics

Louis-Jean Calvet ; translated by Michel Petheram

Non-linguistic conflicts - economic, religious, territorial - are often projected on to language differences, and may be played out in the language policies of governments and other holders of power. Jean-Louis Calvet deals broadly, in a non-technical and introductory style, with this interaction of language issues and political process. He examines the fundamental problems arising from language contact, multilingualism, and the conflicts caused by inequalities symbolized in various patterns of language use. The author draws extensively on his own research and uses numerous case studies to illustrate the power-political dimensions of language policies from many parts of the world, such as Africa, China, South America, the former Soviet Union, and Europe. He cites the former Soviet Union as a prime example of an attempt to impose, for ideological reasons, a supra-national vehicular language, in order to supersede the languages of regional nationalism. Professor Calvet offers no simple solutions to the 'war of languages' but urges all those involved in language intervention - from the professional 'language planners' to school teachers - to combine the need to promote majority languages with respect for the diversity of local languages and language varieties.

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[目次]

  • Introduction
  • PART I: THE ORIGINS OF CONFLICT
  • 1. The Question of Origins
  • 2. Religions and Language
  • 3. A Multilingual World
  • 4. Ideologists of Superiority
  • PART II: THE BATTLEFIELD
  • 5. Lingua Francas and Vernaculars
  • 6. The Family as a Battlefield
  • 7. Markets and Languages
  • 8. Lingua Francas
  • 9. The Death of Languages
  • PART III: AMONG THE ADMINISTRATORS
  • 10. Language Policy and Planning: First Approach
  • 11. Case Studies: The Management of Multilingualism
  • 12. Case Studies: Language Planning and Nationalism
  • 13. Case Study: The Language Struggle of the Jivaro of Ecuador
  • 14. The War of Writing
  • 15. The War of Words
  • 16. Trench Warfare: The Case of French
  • 17. The Pacifist Illusion and Esperanto
  • Conclusion

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この本の情報

書名 Language wars and linguistic politics
著作者等 Calvet, Louis Jean
Calvet Louis-Jean
Petheram Michel
書名別名 Guerre des langues et les politiques linguistiques
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 1998
ページ数 xvi, 212 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 0198700210
0198235984
NCID BA38170062
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言語 英語
原文言語 フランス語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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