Beyond evolution : human nature and the limits of evolutionary explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Anthony O'Hear takes a stand against the fashion for explaining human behaviour in terms of evolution. He maintains, controversially, that while the theory of evolution is successful in explaining the development of the natural world in general, it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and our rationality we take on goals and ideals which cannot be justified in terms of survival-promotion or reproductive advantage. O'Hear examines the nature of human self-consciousness, and argues that evolutionary theory cannot give a satisfactory account of such distinctive facets of human life as the quest for knowledge, moral sense, and the appreciation of beauty; in these we transcend our biological origins. It is our rationality that allows each of us to go beyond not only our biological but also our cultural inheritance: as the author says in the Preface, 'we are prisoners neither of our genes nor of the ideas we encounter as we each make our personal and individual way through life'.

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[目次]

  • 1. Mind and Nature
  • 2. Immanent and Transcendent Dimensions of Reason
  • 3. Self-Conscious Belief
  • 4. Evolutionary Epistemology
  • 5. Evolution and Epistemological Pessimism
  • 6. Morality and Politics
  • 7. Beauty and the Theory of Evolution
  • 8. Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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この本の情報

書名 Beyond evolution : human nature and the limits of evolutionary explanation
著作者等 O'Hear, Anthony
出版元 Clarendon Press;Oxford University Press
刊行年月 1997
ページ数 viii, 220 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9780198242543
NCID BA33846903
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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