This text recounts the decline and rescue of low income government sponsored housing estates across Northern Europe giving an account of the intense physical, social and organizational problems facing social landlords in five countries. The ownership, management and letting patterns diverge sharply between the Continent, Britain and Ireland, between council landlords, non profit, co-operative and independent landlords. But their community problems reveal similar trends towards poverty, polarization and incipient breakdown. To avert the threat of incipient ghettos the stabilizing pressures need to be stronger than the growing pressures towards chaos. Governments have become directly involved in estate rescue because of the vital social role estates are playing. The text traces the process of decline and renewal and shows how we can learn the lessons of policy failures and successes.
Estates on the Edge recounts the decline and rescue of low income government-sponsored housing estates across Northern Europe giving a vivid account of the intense physical, social and organisational problems facing social landlords in five countries. These countries have 5,500,000 social housing units in around 5,000 large, dense, modern flatted estates, about one in three of their social rented stock. These estates house increasingly poor people in declining, mainly outer areas, cut off from urban centres. Many have experienced chaotic decline and sometimes serious disorder. Some have also undergone dramatic transformation and upgrading. The book traces this process of decline and rescue.