Zero syntax : experiencers and cascades

David Pesetsky

The analysis and theory developed in Zero Syntax is an important contribution to the understanding of Universal Grammar. The overriding theme is the notion that the availability and syntactic positioning of arguments is not a matter of chance but arises from laws governing the structure of lexical entries and from laws governing syntactic structures themselves. Along the way, Zero Syntax also examines issues of broad significance to current theoretical linguistic research in syntax and lexical semantics.Zero Syntax develops two main topics: a simple view of syntactic linking regularities that it defends in the domain of Experiencer predicates (predicates such as "annoy"), and a theory of syntactic constituency that involves two parallel modes of structural organization (one of which is the Cascade syntax). The theme that ties these issues together is the supposition that phonologically null ("zero") morphology is present in structure, detectable through its syntactic and morphological consequences.The arguments in Zero Syntax will be relevant to debates about such issues as empty elements in syntax and morphology, whether syntactic structures should be binary branching, the structure of double-object constructions, and whether verbs have multiple meanings related by lexical rules or abstract/general meanings that are ambiguated in particular constructions. Current Studies in Linguistics No. 27

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  • The lexicon - preliminaries, zero syntax
  • linking problems with experiencer predicates - linking, an unaccusative solution to the experiencer-object problem, verbal passivization, athematic subjects - other discussion, the relation between subject and object position
  • U(T)AH and the zero morpheme CAUS - causer versus target
  • causer versus subject matter, a new problem - the target/subject matter restriction, zero morphemes
  • a meteorology of emotions - what CAUS attaches to - the nature of amuse, conclusions
  • double object constructions and the zero morpheme G - the null element G, G and to, the semantics of prepositions and mediated 0-selection, structures for G, the nature of G, appendix - future having versus choosing, appendix - G and idiosyncrasy
  • the target/subject matter restriction solved - cascades - from VP shells to cascades, cascade interactions among prepositions, more on CAUS, grand summary
  • cascade syntax and layered syntax - layered syntax and movement, heavy shift, word order variation, potential psycholinguistic perspectives on the dual system.

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書名 Zero syntax : experiencers and cascades
著作者等 Pesetsky, David Michael
Pesetsky David
シリーズ名 Current studies in linguistics series
出版元 MIT Press
刊行年月 1996, c1995
版表示 1st pbk. ed
ページ数 xviii, 351 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 0262661004
NCID BA29127652
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国