Biology as society, society as biology : metaphors

edited by Sabine Maasen, Everett Mendelsohn, Peter Weingart

The disciplines of biology and the social sciences share common roots in history and yet have drifted so far apart that the demarcation line between them has become a contested boundary. The boundary shift between the 'natural' and the 'social' is becoming permanent: moves in either direction are subject to ideological rhetoric. Yet there is continual exchange across the line: metaphors are moving freely between biology and the social sciences. As messengers of meaning they become agents of change, forever undermining any attempt at fixing similarities and differences. Biology as Society, Society as Biology: Metaphors offers a unique look at the function of metaphors in mediating between two disciplinary cultures which represent and mold our views about nature and society, and the boundary between them. For professionals and students of history, philosophy and sociology of science, biology, and literary science alike.

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  • Introduction: Metaphors: Is There a Bridge over Troubled Waters? S. Maasen, E. Mendelsohn, P. Weingart. Part I: Metaphors Revalued. Who is Afraid of Metaphors? S. Maasen. How Nature became the Other: Anthropomorphism and Anthropocentrism in Early Modern Natural Philosophy
  • L. Daston. The Manifest and the Scientific
  • R. Falk. The Nexus of Animal and Rational: Sociobiology, Language, and the Enlightenment Study of Apes
  • R. Wokler. Part II: 'Struggle'. Social Metaphors in Evolutionary Biology, 1870--1930: the Wider Dimension of Social Darwinism
  • P.J. Bowler. 'Struggle for Existence': Selection and Retention of a Metaphor
  • P. Weingart. Part III: 'Evolution' and 'Organism'. The Importance of the Concepts of 'Organism' and 'Evolution' in Emile Durkheim's Division of Social Labor and the Influence of Herbert Spencer
  • P.M. Hejl. Herbert Spencer: Biology, Sociology, and Cosmic Evolution
  • A. la Vergata. The Superorganism Metaphor: Then and Now
  • S.D. Mitchell. Defining the Organism in the Welfare State: the Politics of Individuality in American Culture, 1890--1950
  • G. Mitman. Part V: Economics. A Plague upon Your House: Commercial Crisis and Epidemic Disease in Victorian England
  • T.L. Alborn. Evolutionary Metaphors in Explanations of American Industrial Competition
  • M.S. Morgan. Biological and Physical Metaphors in Economics
  • G.M. Hodgson.

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書名 Biology as society, society as biology : metaphors
著作者等 Maasen, Sabine
Mendelsohn, Everett
Weingart, Peter
Mendelsohn E.
シリーズ名 Sociology of the sciences
出版元 Kluwer Academic Publishers
刊行年月 1995
ページ数 vi, 356 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 0792331745
NCID BA25020191
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言語 英語
出版国 オランダ