A social history of truth : civility and science in seventeenth-century England

Steven Shapin

How do we come to trust our knowledge of the world? What are the means by which we distinguish true from false accounts? Why do we credit one observational statement over another? This study engages these universal questions through a recreation of a crucial period in the history of early modern science: the social world of gentlemen-philosophers in 17th-century England. The author paints a picture of the relations between gentlemanly culture and scientific practice. He argues that problems of credibility in science were practically solved through the codes and conventions of genteel conduct: trust, civility, honour, and integrity. These codes formed, and arguably still form, an important basis for securing reliable knowledge about the natural world. Shapin uses detailed historical narrative to argue about the establishment of factual knowledge both in science and in everyday practice. Accounts of the mores and manners of gentlemen-philosophers are used to illustrate Shapin's broad claim that trust is imperative for constituting every kind of knowledge. Knowledge-making is always a collective enterprise: people have to know whom to trust in order to know something about the natural world.

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How do we come to trust our knowledge of the world? What are the means by which we distinguish true from false accounts? Why do we credit one observational statement over another? In "A Social History of Truth", Shapin engages with these universal questions through a recreation of a crucial period in the history of early modern science: the social world of gentlemen-philosophers in 17th-century England. Steven Shapin paints a picture of the relations between gentlemanly culture and scientific practice. He argues that problems of credibility in science were practically solved through the codes and conventions of genteel conduct: trust, civility, honour and integrity. These codes formed, and arguably still form, an important basis for securing reliable knowledge about the natural world. Shapin uses detailed historical narrative to argue about the establishment of factual knowledge both in science and in everyday practice. Accounts of the mores and manners of gentlemen-philosophers are used to illustrate Shapin's broad claim that trust is imperative for constituting every kind of knowledge. He argues that knowledge-making is always a collective enterprise: people have to know whom to trust in order to know something about the natural world.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Notes on Genres, Disciplines, and Conventions The Argument Summarized 1: The Great Civility: Trust, Truth, and Moral Order 2: "Who Was Then a Gentleman?" Integrity and Gentle Identity in Early Modern England 3: A Social History of Truth-Telling: Knowledge, Social Practice, and the Credibility of Gentlemen 4: Who Was Robert Boyle? The Creation and Presentation of an Experimental Identity 5: Epistemological Decorum: The Practical Management of Factual Testimony 193 6: Knowing about People and Knowing about Things: A Moral History of Scientific Credibility 7: Certainty and Civility: Mathematics and Boyle's Experimental Conversation 8: Invisible Technicians: Masters, Servants, and the Making of Experimental Knowledge Epilogue: The Way We Live Now Bibliography Index

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この本の情報

書名 A social history of truth : civility and science in seventeenth-century England
著作者等 Shapin, Steven
シリーズ名 Science and its conceptual foundations
出版元 University of Chicago Press
刊行年月 1994
版表示 2
ページ数 xxxi, 483 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0226750191
0226750183
NCID BA23137416
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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