Work, Inc. : a philosophical inquiry

Edmund F. Byrne

Many workers today feel that the longstanding social contract between government, business, and labor has been broken. This book examines legal and philosophical problems that must be addressed if there is to be a new social contract that is fair to workers. Drawing on a wide variety of sources, from the popular press to technical philosophy, Edmund F. Byrne brings into focus ethical issues involved in corporate decisions to reorganize, relocate, or automate. In assessing the human costs of these decisions, he shows why, to a worker, 'corporations are not reducible to their assets and liabilities any more than a government is merely its annual budget. That they are organizations, that these organizations do things, and that they are socially responsible for what they do'.In support of this assignment of responsibility, Byrne seeks to demythologize corporate hegemony by confronting a variety of intellectual 'dragons' that guard the gates of the status quo. These include legal assumptions about corporate person hood and commodification, private property and eminent domain; management ideas about the autonomous employee and profit without payrolls; technocratic dreams of a dehumanized workplace: ideological belief in progress and competition; and philosophical arguments for libertarian freedom, liberal welfare, and global justice.Because of these and other mainstream perspectives, workers today are widely perceived, in law and in common parlance, to be isolated atoms. But, Byrne emphasizes, work. including work done for a transnational corporation, is done in a community. Since corporate leaders make decisions that have an impact on people's lives and on communities, involvement in such decisions must be not only corporate or governmental but community-based as well. Edmund F. Byrne, Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, Indianapolis, is the author of "Philosophy of Work: A Study Guide" and co-author of "Human Being and Being Human".

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Many workers today feel that the longstanding social contract between government, business, and labor has been broken. This book examines legal and philosophical problems that must be addressed if there is to be a new social contract that is fair to workers. Drawing on a wide variety of sources, from the popular press to technical philosophy, Edmund F. Byrne brings into focus ethical issues involved in corporate decisions to reorganize, relocate, or automate. In assessing the human costs of these decisions, he shows why, to a worker, "corporations are not reducible to their assets and liabilities any more than a government is merely its annual budget. That they are organizations, that these organizations do things, and that they are socially responsible for what they do." In support of this assignment of responsibility, Byrne seeks to demythologize corporate hegemony by confronting a variety of intellectual "dragons" that guard the gates of the status quo. These include legal assumptions about corporate personhood and commodification, private property and eminent domain; management ideas about the autonomous employee and profit without payrolls; technocratic dreams of a dehumanized workplace: ideological belief in progress and competition; and philosophical arguments for libertarian freedom, liberal welfare, and global justice. Because of these and other mainstream perspectives, workers today are widely perceived, in law and in common parlance, to be isolated atoms. But, Byrne emphasizes, work including work done for a transnational corporation, is done in a community. Since corporate leaders make decisions that have an impact on people's lives and on communities, involvement in such decisions must be not only corporate or governmental but community-based as well. Author note: Edmund F. Byrne, Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, Indianapolis, is the author of Philosophy of Work: A Study Guide and co-author of Human Being and Being Human.

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[目次]

  • Introduction 1. Corporations and Communities Corporation and Community in America The Reign of "Business Necessity" Indiana: A Crossroads of Corporate America Corporations and Communities Abroad Part I: Worker and Community 2. Work and Play: The Obscurity of Obligation Forced Labor in Fact and in Philosophy Work Ethic and Social Contract Work in Utopia 3. Whose Work? Which Ethic? "The Work Ethic": Weber's Managerial Myth Work and Duty: Is Work Obligatory? Work and Virtue: Craft Pride Work and Pleasure: The Quest for Leisure 4. Work and Welfare: A Crisis of Responsibility Work and Benefits Responsibility for the Unemployed Part II: Worker and Corporation 5. "Meaningful Work": A Two-Edged Sword Meaning or Manipulation? A Question of Control The Politics of Job Classification Organization of Work Work Rules and the Division of Labor Job Control Work and Creativity 6. Worker Organizations Worker Organization and Liberty Whether Unions Unduly Restrain the Liberty of Employers Whether Unions Unduly Constrain the Liberty of Employees Worker Organization and Power The Economic Power of Guilds The Economic Power of Unions 7. Equal Opportunity Employment? Toward Getting a Job and Keeping It Preemployment Testing Seniority Rights Employment Rights Taking on the World What Ever Happened to Meritocracy? 8. Automation: Laborsaving or Dehumanization? The Robot Revolution The Impact of Microelectronics on Employment Engineering Unemployment: Motives in the Madness Part III: Corporation and Community 9. Corporation and Community in American Law Private Property and Corporate Property Who Controls Corporate Property? Community Control over Corporate Property 10. The Ideology of Corporate Autonomy Unilateral Justifications of Development The Mythology of Progress Progress and Social Welfare Rawlsian Justice: A Liberal Dose of Social Welfare 11. Global Justice and Corporation-Community Relations The Dramatis Personae Global Justice: An Offer That Can't be Refused? Community: If Not in Cities, Where? Conclusions Notes Index

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[目次]

  • Introduction 1. Corporations and Communities Corporation and Community in America * The Reign of "Business Necessity" * Indiana: A Crossroads of Corporate America * Corporations and Communities Abroad Part I: Worker and Community 2. Work and Play: The Obscurity of Obligation Forced Labor in Fact and in Philosophy * Work Ethic and Social Contract * Work in Utopia 3. Whose Work? Which Ethic? "The Work Ethic": Weber's Managerial Myth * Work and Duty: Is Work Obligatory? * Work and Virtue: Craft Pride * Work and Pleasure: The Quest for Leisure 4. Work and Welfare: A Crisis of Responsibility Work and Benefits * Responsibility for the Unemployed Part II: Worker and Corporation 5. "Meaningful Work": A Two-Edged Sword Meaning or Manipulation? A Question of Control * The Politics of Job Classification * Organization of Work * Work Rules and the Division of Labor * Job Control * Work and Creativity 6. Worker Organizations Worker Organization and Liberty * Whether Unions Unduly Restrain the Liberty of Employers * Whether Unions Unduly Constrain the Liberty of Employees * Worker Organization and Power * The Economic Power of Guilds * The Economic Power of Unions 7. Equal Opportunity Employment? Toward Getting a Job and Keeping It * Preemployment Testing * Seniority Rights * Employment Rights * Taking on the World * What Ever Happened to Meritocracy? 8. Automation: Laborsaving or Dehumanization? The Robot Revolution * The Impact of Microelectronics on Employment * Engineering Unemployment: Motives in the Madness Part III: Corporation and Community 9. Corporation and Community in American Law Private Property and Corporate Property * Who Controls Corporate Property? * Community Control over Corporate Property 10. The Ideology of Corporate Autonomy Unilateral Justifications of Development * The Mythology of Progress * Progress and Social Welfare * Rawlsian Justice: A Liberal Dose of Social Welfare 11. Global Justice and Corporation-Community Relations The Dramatis Personae * Global Justice: An Offer That Can't be Refused? * Community: If Not in Cities, Where? Conclusions Notes Index

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この本の情報

書名 Work, Inc. : a philosophical inquiry
著作者等 Byrne, Edmund F.
出版元 Temple University Press
刊行年月 1990
ページ数 xi, 340 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0877229570
0877226881
NCID BA18309909
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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