I. Overview.- Connectionism and the Philosophy of Mind: An Overview.- II. Connectionism vs. Classical Cognitive Science.- Connectionism, Computation, and Cognition.- Connectionism and the Notion of Levels.- Representation and Rule-Instantiation in Connectionist Systems.- What Connectionists Cannot Do: The Threat to Classical AI.- III. Connectionism and Conditioning.- Connectionism in Pavlovian Harness.- Connectionism and Conditioning.- IV. Does Cognition Require Syntactically Structured Representations?.- Systematicity, Structured Representations and Cognitive Architecture: A Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn.- An Explanatory Budget for Connectionism and Eliminativism.- Settling into a New Paradigm.- Putting a Price on Cognition.- V. Can Connectionism Provide Syntactically Structured Representations?.- The Constituent Structure of Connectionist Mental States: A Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn.- Representation in Pictorialism and Connectionism.- Connectionism and the Problem of Systematicity: Why Smolensky's Solution Doesn't Work.- Classical Questions, Radical Answers: Connectionism and the Structure of Mental Representations.- Connectionism versus Symbolism in High-Level Cognition.- VI. Connectionism and Philosophy.- Connectionism and the Specter of Representationalism.- Is Perception Cognitively Mediated.- Leaping to Conclusions: Connectionism, Consciousness, and the Computational Mind.- Name Index.