Purpose clauses : syntax, thematics, and semantics of English purpose constructions

Charles Jones

The purpose clause is a common kind of adverbial modifier in English. In this book, the standard unbounded-dependency theory of constructions like purpose clauses, outlined within Noam Chomsky's Government and Binding theory (GB), is contrasted with an alternative theoretical characterization of them, worked out within Edwin Williams GB-related theory of thematic roles and argument structure. The central proposal of the alternative theory is that purpose clauses are essentially nonclausal in contrast to the standard fully-clausal analysis. The abundant special properties of purpose clauses, extensively presented and described here, sharply illuminate many of the fundamental assumptions, and limitations of several GB-sub-theories. Among the topics considered are the argument adjunct distinction, the generality of syntactic movement, locality restrictions on filler-gap dependencies, tough-movement, the semantic content of thematic roles, and the quantificational nature and semantics of Control.

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  • I. Introduction.- 1. Two Theoretical Frameworks.- 1.1. Government-Binding Theory.- 1.1.1. The Subtheories of GB.- 1.1.2. Passive in GB.- 1.2. ?-Theory.- 1.2.1. Argument Assignment.- 1.2.2. ?-Binding.- 1.2.3. The ?-Theory of Passive and Raising.- 1.2.4. The ?-Criterion and the Projection Principle.- 2. Purpose Constructions.- 2.1. Syntax.- 2.1.1. External Syntax.- 2.1.2. Internal Syntax.- 2.2. Semantics.- 2.2.1. Quantification.- 2.2.2. Control.- 2.3. ?-Theory and the Organization of the Grammar.- II. External Syntax.- 1. Distinguishing Purpose Clauses.- 1.1. Obligatory and Nonobligatory Control.- 1.1.1. Williams (1980) and Control.- 1.1.2 PC, IOC, and Control.- 1.1.3. The Thematic Nature of the PC Controller.- 1.2. Unexpected PC Properties.- 1.2.1. Prepositional Phrase Control of OPC.- 1.2.2. SPC and Intransitives.- 1.3. Purpose Clauses and Infmitival Relatives.- 2.Adjunction of IOC and PC.- 2.1. IOC and PC Distributions.- 2.2. IOC, PC, and Recursion.- 2.3. Syntactic Tests.- 2.3.1. Preposing.- 2.3.2. Negation.- 2.3.3. Pseudoclefts.- 2.3.4. Relative Order of IOC and PC.- 2.3.5. VP-Deletion.- 2.3.6. Conjunction.- 3. Purpose Clauses as Adjuncts.- 3.1. The Argument/Adjunct Distinction.- 3.1.1. Semantic Optionality.- 3.1.2. Syntactic Optionality.- 3.1.3. Iterability and Constrained Adjuncts.- 3.2. PC and the Lexicon.- 4. Wh-Extraction.- III. Internal Syntax.- 1. Inside In Order Clauses.- 2. Inside Subject-Gap Purpose Clauses.- 2.1. SPC as VP.- 2.2. Consequences of the VP Analysis of SPC.- 3. Inside Object-Gap Purpose Clauses.- 3.1. The Standard Analysis of OPC.- 3.2. OPC as VP.- 3.2.1. Suppression of the External ?-Role.- 3.2.2. External Projection of Internal ?-Roles.- 3.3. Consequences of the VP Analysis of OPC.- 3.3.1. The SPC Tests.- 3.3.2. Lexical Material in Comp.- 3.33. NP Within NP.- 3.3.4. Parasitic Gaps Within Syntactic Subjects.- 3.3.5. Weak Crossover.- 3.3.6. Long Distance Gaps.- 3.3.7. Parasitic Gaps.- 4. The PP 'Subject' of OPC.- 5. PC and Be.- IV. Easy-Clauses.- 1. Easy-S'.- 2. Easy-Clause = OPC.- 2.1. The VP Tests Revisited.- 2.2. The 'Subject' of EC.- 3. The New Tough Movement.- 3.1. Tough Problems With ?-Marking.- 3.2. Tough Reanalysis.- 3.2.1. Tough Reanalysis and Complex Adjectives.- 3.2.2. Tough Extractions.- 4. Related Constructions.- 4.1. Pretty to Look Ar. Object Deletion.- 4.2. Too/Enough Complements.- 4.3. An Easy Pan to Fry Eggs In: Mixed Relatives.- 4.4. A Fool to Love Mary.- V. Quantification.- 1. Quantification and Predication.- 2. Quantifying PRO arb.- 2.1. Epstein (1984) and PROarb.- 2.2. Lebeaux (1984) and PROarb.- 3. Control via Empty Operators.- 3.1. Generalized Quantificational Control.- 3.1.1. PRO as Anaphor _.- 3.1.2. Empty Operator as ?-Anaphor.- 3.1.3. Clark (1990) and Control.- 3.2. PC, EC, and Quantificational Control.- 3.2.1. The Implicit Argument Quantifier.- 3.2.2. Adverbs of Quantification.- 3.3. Licensing Conditions on Empty Operators.- 4. Conclusion.- VI. Control.- 1. A Semantics for Control.- 1.1 ?-Roles and Control.- 1.2 Augmentation of an Argument Structure.- 2. What is a ?-Role?.- 2.1. With Respect to a Predicate.- 2.2. Beyond the Predicate.- 3. Control of Purpose Clauses.- 3.1. Purpose Clauses.- 3.2. Control of Posessor-PP and Easy-Clauses.- 3.2.1. Possessor-PP.- 3.2.2. Easy-Clauses.- 4. Generalized Control.- 4.1. Farkas (1988) and Complement Control.- 4.1.1. Controller Choice.- 4.1.2. Thematic Matching.- 4.2. Thematic Matching in the Grammar.- 5. Obligatory Control and the Argument/Adjunct Distinction.- VII. Conclusion.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

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書名 Purpose clauses : syntax, thematics, and semantics of English purpose constructions
著作者等 Jones, Charles
シリーズ名 Studies in linguistics and philosophy
出版元 Kluwer Academic
刊行年月 c1991
ページ数 xii, 260 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 079231400X
NCID BA1319553X
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言語 英語
出版国 オランダ