Semantic structures

Ray Jackendoff

Semantic Structures is a large-scale study of conceptual structure and its lexical and syntactic expression in English that builds on the system of Conceptual Semantics described in Ray Jackendoff's earlier books Semantics and Cognition and Consciousness and the Computational Mind.Jackendoff summarizes the relevant arguments in his two previous books, setting out the basic parameters for the formalization of meaning, and comparing his mentalistic approach with Fodor's Language of Thought hypothesis. He then takes up the Problem of Meaning, extending the range of semantic fields encompassed by the Conceptual Semantics formalism, and the Problem of Correspondence, formalizing the relation between semantic and syntactic structure. Both of these problems must be fully addressed in order to develop a general theory of language that is concerned with syntax and semantics and their points of connection.Few books on lexical semantics present such a comprehensive analysis of such a wide range of phenomena from a unified perspective. Besides discussing the conceptual structures of hundreds of words and constructions, Jackendoff extends and deepens the theory to come to grips with such crucial issues as THETA-roles and THETA-marking; arguments, modifiers, and adjuncts; binding and control; and the thematic linking hierarchy.Ray Jackendoff is Chairman of the Program in Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Brandeis University.

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  • Part 1 Basic machinery: overview of conceptual semantics
  • argument structure and thematic roles
  • multiple thematic roles for a single NP
  • unifying lexical entries. Part 2 Mostly on the problem of meaning: some further conceptual functions
  • some featural elaborations of spatial functions
  • the action tier and the analysis of causation. Part 3 Mostly on the problem of correspondence: adjuncts that express an incorporated argument
  • adjuncts that express an argument of a modifying conceptual clause
  • adjuncts that express arguments of a superordinate conceptual clause
  • toward a theory of linking. Epilogue: compositionality, autonomy, modularity.

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書名 Semantic structures
著作者等 Jackendoff, Ray S.
シリーズ名 Current studies in linguistics series
出版元 MIT Press
刊行年月 c1990
版表示 New ed
ページ数 xiv, 322 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0262100436
NCID BA11092751
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国