The taming of chance

Ian Hacking

In this important new study Ian Hacking continues the enquiry into the origins and development of certain characteristic modes of contemporary thought undertaken in such previous works as the best-selling The Emergence of Probability. Professor Hacking shows how by the late nineteenth century it became possible to think of statistical patterns as explanatory in themselves, and to regard the world as not necessarily deterministic in character. In the same period the idea of human nature was displaced by a model of normal people with laws of dispersion. These two parallel transformations fed into each other, so that chance made the world seem less capricious: it was legitimated because it brought order out of chaos. Professor Hacking argues that these developments have led to a new style of scientific reasoning gaining its hold upon us. The greater the level of indeterminism in our conception of the world and of people, the more we expect control and intervention in our lives, and the less we expect freedom. Combining detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve, The Taming of Chance brings out the relations between philosophy, the physical sciences, mathematics and the development of social institutions, and provides a unique and authoritative analysis of the 'probabilisation' of the western world.

「Nielsen BookData」より

In this important new study Ian Hacking continues the enquiry into the origins and development of certain characteristic modes of contemporary thought undertaken in such previous works as the best-selling The Emergence of Probability. Professor Hacking shows how by the late nineteenth century it became possible to think of statistical patterns as explanatory in themselves, and to regard the world as not necessarily deterministic in character. In the same period the idea of human nature was displaced by a model of normal people with laws of dispersion. These two parallel transformations fed into each other, so that chance made the world seem less capricious: it was legitimated because it brought order out of chaos. Professor Hacking argues that these developments have led to a new style of scientific reasoning gaining its hold upon us. The greater the level of indeterminism in our conception of the world and of people, the more we expect control and intervention in our lives, and the less we expect freedom. Combining detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve, The Taming of Chance brings out the relations between philosophy, the physical sciences, mathematics and the development of social institutions, and provides a unique and authoritative analysis of the 'probabilisation' of the western world.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. The argument
  • 2. The doctrine of necessity
  • 3. Public amateurs, secret bureaucrats
  • 4. Bureaux
  • 5. The sweet despotism of reason
  • 6. The quantum of sickness
  • 7. The granary of science
  • 8. Suicide is a kind of madness
  • 9. The experimental basis of the philosophy of legislation
  • 10. Facts without authenticity, without detail, without control, and without value
  • 11. By what majority?
  • 12. The law of large numbers
  • 13. Regimental chests
  • 14. Society prepares the crimes
  • 15. The astronomical conception of society
  • 16. The mineralogical conception of society
  • 17. The most ancient nobility
  • 18. Cassirer's thesis
  • 19. The normal state
  • 20. As real as cosmic forces
  • 21. The autonomy of statistical law
  • 22. A chapter from Prussian statistics
  • 23. A universe of chance
  • Notes
  • Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. The argument
  • 2. The doctrine of necessity
  • 3. Public amateurs, secret bureaucrats
  • 4. Bureaux
  • 5. The sweet despotism of reason
  • 6. The quantum of sickness
  • 7. The granary of science
  • 8. Suicide is a kind of madness
  • 9. The experimental basis of the philosophy of legislation
  • 10. Facts without authenticity, without detail, without control, and without value
  • 11. By what majority?
  • 12. The law of large numbers
  • 13. Regimental chests
  • 14. Society prepares the crimes
  • 15. The astronomical conception of society
  • 16. The mineralogical conception of society
  • 17. The most ancient nobility
  • 18. Cassirer's thesis
  • 19. The normal state
  • 20. As real as cosmic forces
  • 21. The autonomy of statistical law
  • 22. A chapter from Prussian statistics
  • 23. A universe of chance
  • Notes
  • Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 The taming of chance
著作者等 Hacking, Ian
Daston, Lorraine
Ross, Dorothy
Tully, James
Skinner, Quentin
シリーズ名 Ideas in context
出版元 Cambridge University Press
刊行年月 1990
ページ数 xiii, 264 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 0521380146
9780521388849
NCID BA10986903
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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