The Hungarian economic reforms, 1953-1988

Ivan T. Berend

Professor Berend presents a comprehensive inside account of Hungary's economic reforms since the 1950s. Working from Communist Party archives, which have hitherto partially remained closed to scholars, Berend situates the history of these economic reforms within their political context, looking in particular at the role of the Soviet Union. He examines the theoretical background to reform, the obstacles that arose during implementation and the gradual realisation that minor reforms of the old system could no longer work. The Hungarian Economic Reforms 1953-1988 comes at a time when many centrally planned economies are examining their performance and structure and seeking suitable forms of change. The Hungarian reforms have attracted those countries wishing to rid themselves of their Stalinist command economies. Thus the book indirectly sheds light upon Chinese economic reforms and on Gorbachev's Soviet perestroika. It will be of interest to specialists and students of East European studies, with special reference to the EMEA, planned economies and economic reform.

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  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Part I. The First Phase of the Reform Process: the intellectual antecedents and the first corrective steps, 1953-1964: 1. The first moves to correct the economic mechanism
  • 2. The critique of the command economy: towards a new concept of the economic system
  • 3. The turn: reforms goals of the government and the practice of correction
  • 4. Economic reform and the workers' councils
  • 5. The principle of the substantial reform
  • 6. A counterproposal for partial corrective measures
  • 7. Immediate corrections to the operation of the economy
  • 8. Intervention against the comprehensive reform plans as 'economic revisionism'
  • 9. Minor corrections - the transformation of company structures
  • 11. The new model for agricultural cooperatives
  • 12. First criticisms of the ineffectiveness of the corrective policy
  • Part II. The 1966 decision on comprehensive reform: the second phase: 13. Disequilibrium, tensions and shortcomings in the workings of the economy
  • 14. Plans and preparation for reform in other socialist countries
  • 15. The political background to the reform
  • 16. The reform decision
  • 17. Debates on the reform and compromises before its introduction
  • 18. The main features of the new reform system
  • 19. The plan and preparations for continuing the reform after 1968
  • 20. The reform comes to a halt and reversal
  • 21. The oil crisis and its consequences
  • Part III. The Third Phase of the Reform Process, from 1979 onwards: 22. Changing political conditions
  • 23. Returning to reform
  • 24. A new chapter in the debates on reform: the reform decisions of 1984 and 1987
  • 25. The price reform of 1979-1980
  • 26. Partial reform of the system of institutions
  • 27. Internal contradictions and delays in the process of reform
  • 28. A new role for small business
  • 29. From reform towards a change of system
  • Notes
  • Index.

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書名 The Hungarian economic reforms, 1953-1988
著作者等 Berend, T. Iván
Berend Ivan T.
書名別名 Magyar gazdasági reform útja
シリーズ名 Soviet and East European studies
出版元 Cambridge University Press
刊行年月 1990
ページ数 x, 347 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0521380375
NCID BA10368427
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言語 英語
原文言語 ハンガリー語
出版国 イギリス