The capitalistic cost-benefit structure of money : an analysis of money's structural nonneutrality and its effects on the economy

Dieter Suhr

This book studies the dichotomy between real exchange and the monetary economy. Money has substantial nonneutral effects because other goods on the market have to compete with its unique costless liquidity services. Wealth holders, for instance, will only spend their money on goods the pecuniary or non-pecuniary returns of which match money's liquidity premium or its interest. Hence money, with its asymmetric cost-benefit structure and its intransitivity in exchange, influences prices, for instance, by preventing future scarcities or abundancies of goods being adequately reflected in their spot prices. One of the cash holders' options, namely the freedom of timing his transactions, reveals itself as the transactors' uncertainty, leaving an externalities problem to be dealt with. Because money is a means of transaction, interest paid on outside funds must be considered not as capital costs but as an unusual form of transaction costs. The same applies even more obviously to the interest paid by economic agents for money freshly acquired from the money issuing system. These and other central problems of monetary economics are investigated, and then resolved by the concept of a "neutral money" financial innovation, that is, bank money whose benefits from liquidity are neutralised by carrying or storage costs attached to that money (Keynes; Allais) instead of paying subsidies on cash balances (Friedman; Samuelson).

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[目次]

  • 1 Second-Best Capitalism.- 1 The Actual Standard of Welfare in Capitalism.- 1.1 Freedom, Responsibility and Efficiency.- 1.2 Suboptimal Results.- 1.3 Returns on Mere Capital.- 1.4 Returns from High to Low Level of Marginal Utility.- 1.5 The Standard of Marginal Efficiency of Capital.- 1.6 Escaping Habitual Modes of Thought.- 2 Symptoms of Suboptimal Capitalism.- 2.1 Misallocations.- 2.2 Disparities of Wealth.- 2.3 Unemployment.- 2.4 Equilibrium Problems.- 2.5 Financial Hydrocephaly.- 3 The Significance of Money.- 3.1 Money, a Prerequisite for a Modern Economy.- 3.2 Money as an Unfair Competitor.- 3.3 The Significance of the Money-Rate of Interest.- 2 Money's Costs and Benefits.- 4 The Transaction Cost Approach.- 4.1 Economizing Economic Communication through Money.- 4.2 Acquisition Cost of Issued Money.- 4.3 Transaction Needs and Demand for Money.- 4.4 Money Interest as Transaction Cost.- 4.5 Similar Approaches and Adjacent Problems.- 5 The Concept of Interest-Bearing Money.- 5.1 Equalization of Cash Holder's Opportunity Cost.- 5.2 The Real Equalization Problem.- 5.3 Real Costs and Opportunity Costs of Money.- 5.4 Doubling of Liquidity-Premium.- 6 The Equalization of Money's Cost and Benefit.- 6.1 Cost of Initial Acquisition of Money.- 6.2 A Paradigmatic Equalization of Money's Cost and Benefit.- 6.3 Separating Money's Costs from its Benefits.- 6.4 Generalizing the Paradigm of Equalization.- 6.5 Low Production Cost and High Liquidity-Premium.- 6.6 Storage Costs of Money and Storage Costs of Commodities.- 6.7 Uncertainty and the Equalization Problem.- 3 The Production and Destruction of Monetary Liquidity.- 7 Production Costs and Benefits of Monetary Liquidity.- 7.1 Issue of Money and Production of Liquidity.- 7.2 The Equalization Problem Restated.- 7.3 Symmetric Contributions to and Benefits from the Production of Liquidity.- 7.4 Asymmetric Contributions to and Benefits from the Production of Liquidity.- 8 Rewarding the Marplot in the Game of the Monetarized Economy.- 8.1 Cash Holders' Liquidity-Premium.- 8.2 Reciprocity and the Double Coincidence of Timing in the Economic Game.- 8.3 Rewards for Sabotaging the Game.- 8.4 The Self-Destructive Structure of the Game.- 8.5 Dictating the Rules of the Game.- 8.6 The Capitalistic Delusion.- 9 Private Destruction and Reissue of Money.- 9.1 Private Quasi-Issue of Money.- 9.2 The Private Money Issue-Premium as a Monetary Prebend.- 9.3 Cash as a Buffer and an Operating Basis.- 9.4 Shifting Time Preferences.- 9.5 Monetary Transaction Constraints.- 9.6 Credit Budget Restrictions.- 4 Optimal Monetary Liquidity.- 10 Neutral Money.- 10.1 Historical Remarks.- 10.2 From Biased to Neutral Money.- 10.3 Prospects for the Performance of Neutral Money.- 10.4 Savings and Investments.- 10.5 Money as the Joker in the Economic Game.- 10.6 Money Acquisition Cost of Sellers.- 10.7 Cost-Bearing Money vs. Inflation.- 10.8 Illustrations.- 11 Predecessors.- 11.1 John Maynard Keynes.- 11.2 Silvio Gesell.- 11.3 Irving Fisher.- 11.4 Maurice Allais.- 11.5 Other "Monetary Heretics".- 12 The Monetary Welfare Optimum.- 12.1 Equal Marginal Utility of Assets.- 12.2 Equal Marginal Cost and Benefit.- 12.3 Reinternalization of Money's Externalities.- 12.4 Real vs. Nominal Marginal Efficiency of Capital.- 12.5 Ecological Aspects of Neutral Money.- 5 Establishing Neutral Money.- 13 Cost-Bearing Money: An Historical Retrospective.- 13.1 The Grain Giro System in Ancient Egypt.- 13.2 The Medieval Bracteaten Currency.- 13.3 Free-Money Projects in the Thirties.- 13.4 "The Stamp Scrip Movement in the U.S.A." by Hans R. L. Cohrssen.- 14 The Realization of Neutral Money.- 14.1 General Aspects.- 14.2 The Next Step in Monetary Evolution.- 14.3 Neutral Money as a Financial Innovation.- References.

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この本の情報

書名 The capitalistic cost-benefit structure of money : an analysis of money's structural nonneutrality and its effects on the economy
著作者等 Suhr, Dieter
Cohrssen, Hans R.L.
シリーズ名 Studies in contemporary economics
出版元 Springer-Verlag
刊行年月 c1989
版表示 Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
ページ数 x, 136 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0387511385
3540511385
NCID BA07757114
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 ドイツ
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