The quantum theory of Planck, Einstein, Bohr, and Sommerfeld : its foundation and the rise of its difficulties, 1900-1925  pt. 1 ~ pt. 2

Jagdish Mehra, Helmut Rechenberg

Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human struggles that accompanied it from the beginning. Drawing upon such materials as the resources of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics, the Niels Bohr Archives, and the archives and scientific correspondence of the principal quantum physicists, as well as Jagdish Mehra's personal discussions over many years with most of the architects of quantum theory, the authors have written a rigorous scientific history of quantum theory in a deeply human context. This multivolume work presents a rich account of an intellectual triumph: a unique analysis of the creative scientific process. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is science, history, and biography, all wrapped in the story of a great human enterprise. Its lessons will be an aid to those working in the sciences and humanities alike.

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Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human struggles that accompanied it from the beginning. Drawing upon such materials as the resources of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics, the Niels Bohr Archives, and the archives and scientific correspondence of the principal quantum physicists, as well as Jagdish Mehra's personal discussions over many years with most of the architects of quantum theory, the authors have written a rigorous scientific history of quantum theory in a deeply human context. This multivolume work presents a rich account of an intellectual triumph: a unique analysis of the creative scientific process. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is science, history, and biography, all wrapped in the story of a great human enterprise. Its lessons will be an aid to those working in the sciences and humanities alike.

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[目次]

  • I Quanta and Molecules: The Quantum Theory of Planck, Einstein and Nernst.- I.1 The Law of Blackbody Radiation.- I.2 The Significance of the Constants in Planck's Law.- I.3 Fluctuations and Light-Quanta.- I.4 Energy-Quanta and the Derivations from Classical Theories.- I.5 The Search for Other Quantum Phenomena.- I.6 Specific Heats, New Quantum Hypotheses and the First Solvay Conference.- I.7 The Consolidation of Quantum Theory.- II The Bohr-Sommerfeld Theory of Atomic Structure.- II.1 The Spectra of Atoms and Molecules: The Empirical Foundations.- II.2 Ideas Towards a Model of Atomic Structure.- II.3 Niels Bohr and the Origin of the Quantum Theory of Line Spectra.- II.4 Atoms as Conditionally Periodic Quantum Systems.- II.5 Three Principles of Atomic Theory.- III The Bohr Festival in Gottingen.- III.1 The Gottingen Tradition of Mathematics and Physics.- III.2 The Continuity of the Tradition: Richard Courant, Max Born and James Franck in Gottingen.- III.3 Progress in Atomic Models from 1913 to 1921.- III.4 Bohr's Wolfskehl Lectures and the Theory of the Periodic System of Elements.- III.5 Immediate Impact and Triumph of Bohr's Theory of the Periodic System of Elements.- IV The Mechanical and Spectroscopic Failures of Atomic Models.- IV.1 Wolfgang Pauli's Background and Early Scientific Work.- IV.2 The Helium Atom and Other Few-Body Problems.- IV.3 The Magnetic Anomaly and the Stern-Gerlach Effect.- IV.4 The Anomalous Zeeman Effect.- IV.5 The Breakdown of the Bohr-Sommerfeld Theory: Anomalous Zeeman Effects and the Crossed-Field Problem.- V The Problems of Radiation Theory.- V.1 The Proof of the Light-Quantum Hypothesis.- V.2 The Bohr-Kramers-Slater Theory of Radiation.- V.3 Bose's Light-Quantum Statistics and Its Extension to Gas Theory.- V.4 The Phase Waves Associated with Matter.- V.5 The Status of the Radiation Problem in 1925.- VI New Methods and Concepts in Atomic Theory.- VI.1 The Dispersion-Theoretic Approach.- VI.2 Atomic Structure and the Problem of Closed Electron Shells.- VI.3 The Rule for Equivalent Electrons: Pauli's Exclusion Principle.- VI.4 The Discovery of Electron Spin.- Epilogue.- References.- Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Prologue.- I Quanta and Molecules: The Quantum Theory of Planck, Einstein and Nernst.- 1.1 The Law of Blackbody Radiation.- 1.2 The Significance of the Constants in Planck's Law.- 1.3 Fluctuations and Light-Quanta.- 1.4 Energy-Quanta and the Derivations from Classical Theories.- 1.5 The Search for Other Quantum Phenomena.- 1.6 Specific Heats, New Quantum Hypotheses and the First Solvay Conference.- 1.7 The Consolidation of Quantum Theory.- II The Bohr-Sommerfeld Theory of Atomic Structure.- II.1 The Spectra of Atoms and Molecules: The Empirical Foundations.- II.2 Ideas Towards a Model of Atomic Structure.- II.3 Niels Bohr and the Origin of the Quantum Theory of Line Spectra.- II.4 Atoms as Conditionally Periodic Quantum Systems.- II.5 Three Principles of Atomic Theory.- III The Bohr Festival in Gottingen.- III.1 The Gottingen Tradition of Mathematics and Physics.- III.2 The Continuity of the Tradition: Richard Courant, Max Born and James Franck in Gottingen.- III.3 Progress in Atomic Models from 1913 to 1921.- III.4 Bohr's Wolfskehl Lectures and the Theory of the Periodic System of Elements.- III.5 Immediate Impact and Triumph of Bohr's Theory of the Periodic System of Elements.- IV The Mechanical and Spectroscopic Failures of Atomic Models.- IV. 1 Wolfgang Pauli's Background and Early Scientific Work.- IV.2 The Helium Atom and Other Few-Body Problems.- IV.3 The Magnetic Anomaly and the Stern-Gerlach Effect.- IV.4 The Anomalous Zeeman Effect.- IV. 5 The Breakdown of the Bohr-Sommerfeld Theory: Anomalous Zeeman Effects and the Crossed-Field Problem.- V The Problems of Radiation Theory.- V.1 The Proof of the Light-Quantum Hypothesis.- V.2 The Bohr-Kramers-Slater Theory of Radiation.- V.3 Bose's Light-Quantum Statistics and Its Extension to Gas Theory.- V.4 The Phase Waves Associated with Matter.- V. 5 The Status of the Radiation Problem in 1925.- VI New Methods and Concepts in Atomic Theory.- VI.1 The Dispersion-Theoretic Approach.- VI.2 Atomic Structure and the Problem of Closed Electron Shells.- VI.3 The Rule for Equivalent Electrons: Pauli's Exclusion Principle.- VI.4 The Discovery of Electron Spin.- Epilogue.- References.- Author Index.

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この本の情報

書名 The quantum theory of Planck, Einstein, Bohr, and Sommerfeld : its foundation and the rise of its difficulties, 1900-1925
著作者等 Mehra, Jagdish
Rechenberg, Helmut
シリーズ名 The historical development of quantum theory
巻冊次 pt. 1
pt. 2
出版元 Springer-Verlag
刊行年月 c1982
版表示 1st ed. 1982. 1st softcover printing 2000
ページ数 2 v.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0387906673
0387951741
038795175X
3540906428
3540906673
0387906428
NCID BA01184955
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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