The Role of prescriptivism in American linguistics, 1820-1970

Glendon F. Drake

The phenomenon of absolutist, prescriptive correctness is persistent and pervasive in the linguistic through of educated and intelligent citizens of the United States. This volume is not only and attempt to gain some understanding of the source, nature, and operation of the prescriptive attitude, but also to examine it in the light of what Einar Haugen (1972) has called the 'ecology of language', that is, the relationship between language attitudes and other social and cultural behavior.

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[目次]

  • 1. Preface, pv
  • 2. 1.0 Introduction, p1
  • 3. 1.1 Prescriptivism, p1
  • 4. 1.2 Descriptivism, p1
  • 5. 1.3 Other Linguistic Attitudes, p1
  • 6. 1.4 Ecology of Language, p3
  • 7. 1.5 Correctness in America, p3
  • 8. 1.6 Organization of the Study, p4
  • 9. 1.7 Attitude and Behavior, p5
  • 10. 2.0 The Challenge to Prescriptivism: 1820-1851, p6
  • 11. 2.1 Reaction Against Rote Learning, p6
  • 12. 2.2 William Samuel Cardell, p9
  • 13. 2.3 Noah Webster, p9
  • 14. 2.4 Attacks on Murray's Grammar, p10
  • 15. 2.5 Goold Brown, p11
  • 16. 2.6 Asa Rand, p11
  • 17. 2.7 Effect of Nationalism, p12
  • 18. 2.8 An Appeal from the Old Theory of English Grammar, p13
  • 19. 2.9 Boundlessness and Romanticism, p14
  • 20. 3.0 The Revival of Prescriptivism: 1851-1875, p17
  • 21. 3.1 Hempl's Indictment, p17
  • 22. 3.2 The Genteel Culture, p18
  • 23. 3.3 The Great Dictionary War, p19
  • 24. 3.4 Attack on 'Innovations', p20
  • 25. 3.5 Goold Brown Redux, p22
  • 26. 3.6 Marsh and the 'Anglican Community', p23
  • 27. 3.7 Prescriptivism and Personal Impressions, p24
  • 28. 3.8 Correctness in the Common Schools, p25
  • 29. 3.9 Richard Grant White, p26
  • 30. 3.10 Fitzedward Hall, p28
  • 31. 3.11 General Cultural Conditions, p29
  • 32. 4.0 The Persistence of the Prescriptive Notion: The 20th-century, p31
  • 33. 4.1 Public Attitudes and Linguistic Developments, p31
  • 34. 4.2 Science and Language Study, p32
  • 35. 4.3 Linguistic Ecology, p33
  • 36. 4.4 The Genteel Continuity, p34
  • 37. 4.5 The Role of NCTE, p36
  • 38. 4.6 The 'Standard English' Notion, p38
  • 39. 4.7 The Role of Grammar Instruction, p38
  • 40. 4.8 The Stylistic Dimension, p39
  • 41. 4.9 The Failed Revolutions, p40
  • 42. 4.10 Correctness in the 1960's, p40
  • 43. 4.11 Transformational Grammar and Correctness, p41
  • 44. 4.12 The Intellectual Spirit of the 20th-century, p43
  • 45. 4.13 The 1890's, p43
  • 46. 4.14 The Revolt Against Formalism, p43
  • 47. 4.15 The Progressive Dilemma and Language, p44
  • 48. 4.16 The Special Status of Linguistic Attitudes, p45
  • 49. 4.17 The Romantic Continuity, p45
  • 50. 4.18 The Academic Protest, p46
  • 51. 4.19 Universal Attitudes and Local Conditions, p46
  • 52. 5.0 The Dictionary War, p50
  • 53. 5.1 The Third and American Structuralism, p50
  • 54. 5.2 The Initial Press Reaction, p51
  • 55. 5.3 Deeper Criticisms, p52
  • 56. 5.4 The Third as Bolshevism, p53
  • 57. 5.5 The Editorial Touchstones, p54
  • 58. 5.6 Gove's Rebuttal, p56
  • 59. 5.7 Journalistic Defenses of the Third, p58
  • 60. 5.8 Attacks by Professional Publications, p58
  • 61. 5.9 Mario Pei, p61
  • 62. 5.10 The Debate Sustained, p61
  • 63. 5.11 The Character of the Attacks, p62
  • 64. 5.12 Two Principal Attacks, p62
  • 65. 5.13 The Professional Split, p66
  • 66. 5.14 Sledd's Indictment, p68
  • 67. 5.15 Prescriptive Strength, p69
  • 68. 5.16 The British View, p70
  • 69. 5.17 Business Rivalry, p72
  • 70. 5.18 The Usage Panel, p73
  • 71. 5.19 Prescriptivism Evidenced, p75
  • 72. 6.0 Black English and the American Dream, p78
  • 73. 6.1 Black vs. 'Standard' English, p78
  • 74. 6.2 The Reality of 'Standard' English, p79
  • 75. 6.3 The Reality of Black English, p80
  • 76. 6.4 The Deficit Notion, p84
  • 77. 6.5 Labov's Rebuttal, p88
  • 78. 6.6 Eradication Movement, p91
  • 79. 6.7 Enlightened Bidialectalism, p92
  • 80. 6.8 Motives for Bidialectalism, p94
  • 81. 6.9 Objections to Bidialectalism, p97
  • 82. 6.10 Jensenism, p102
  • 83. 6.11 A Sociolinguistic Option to Bidialectalism, p103
  • 84. 6.12 The Prescriptive Continuity, p105
  • 85. 7.0 Conclusion, p107
  • 86. Bibliography, p112
  • 87. Index, p124

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この本の情報

書名 The Role of prescriptivism in American linguistics, 1820-1970
著作者等 Drake, Glendon F.
シリーズ名 Amsterdam studies in the theory and history of linguistic science
出版元 J. Benjamins
刊行年月 1977
ページ数 x, 130 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9027209545
9027208913
NCID BA00907875
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
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