Social choice and justice

Kenneth J. Arrow

Unlike the papers of some other great economists, those of Kenneth Arrow are being read and studied today with even greater care and attention than when they first appeared in the journals. The publication of his collected papers will therefore be welcomed by economists and other social scientists and in particular by graduate students, who can draw from them the deep knowledge and the discernment in selection of scientific problems that only a master can offer. The author has added headnotes to certain well-known papers, describing how he came to write them. In this first volume, Arrow takes up the basic question of whether collective choices can be made in such a way as to reflect individual preferences. The seminal 1950 paper that opens the volume shows that given certain reasonable conditions that social choices must satisfy to reflect individual preferences, it is impossible to make a choice among all sets of alternatives without violating some of the conditions. The subsequent papers extend, deepen, and clarify these results and examine the concept of justice, both in the abstract and in economic models. The volume also contains searching critiques of the theories of justice of John Rawls and Robert Nozick.

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  • 1. A Difficulty in the Concept of Social Welfare 2. Little's Critique of Welfare Economics 3. The Principle of Rationality in Collective Decisions 4. Values and Collective Decision Making 5. The Place of Moral Obligation in Preference Systems 6. Tullock and an Existence Theorem 7. A Utilitarian Approach to the Concept of Equality in Public Expenditures 8. Some Ordinalist-Utilitarian Notes on Rawis's Theory of Justice 9. Formal Theories of Social Welfare 10. Rawls's Principle of Just Saving 11. Extended Sympathy and the Possibility of Social Choice 12. Current Developments in the Theory of Social Choice 13. Nozick's Entitlement Theory of Justice 14. The Trade-off between Growth and Equity 15. Optimal and Voluntary Income Distribution Index

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書名 Social choice and justice
著作者等 Arrow, Kenneth Joseph
Arrow Kenneth J.
シリーズ名 Collected papers of Kenneth J. Arrow
出版元 Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
刊行年月 1983
ページ数 viii, 229 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0674137604
NCID BA00462633
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国