The emergence of the state of Israel has fundamentally changed the conditions of Jewish existence. The issues now facing Jews everywhere are totally different to those that confronted them only fifty years ago. This book provides the only thoroughly worldwide modern history of the Jews of the Diaspora. Robert Wistrich has drawn together an outstanding collection of authors from the United States, Europe and Israel in order to analyse the immense changes that have taken place since 1945 in a comprehensive, yet original, manner. Cultural, religious, domestic, political, economic and occupational transformations in Jewry are addressed in up-to-date studies. Terms of Survival reframes the nature of the debate by highlighting continuity and change in the position of the Jews throughout the world.