British university observatories, 1772-1939

Roger Hutchins

University astronomy is the tap-root of the discipline from which the community of professional astronomers and its organizing talent emerged. Yet the academic sector has been neglected by historians because effective scientific roles for its observatories were very slow to evolve. On the one hand, governments considered the public need to be the business of observatories founded as national institutions, whilst on the other hand university statutes imposed a primary duty to teach. Hence in practice a mismatch proliferated between founding aspirations encompassing public utility and teaching, and the provision of adequate resources for research.This book provides an explanatory history of the institutional development university observatories, analyzing of the ability of academic astronomers in the period between 1772-1939 to contribute to both national astronomy and to advance science within their universities.Offering a comparative historical approach, the book also answers fundamental questions about how and why astronomy came into the universities, and how institutions responded to the professionalization of the discipline.

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  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Making niches, funding the observatories
  • Academic astronomers in the age of the 'grand amateurs', 1820-1881
  • Working the university observatories, 1820-1881
  • 'Encumbered with lectures': developing research and providing for graduates, 1820-1939
  • University observatories and the opportunities in astrophysics, c. 1880-1939
  • Problems of proximity: Oxford's observatories, 1901-1930
  • British university observatories and the wider world, 1919-1939
  • Concluding thoughts on how astronomical knowledge advances
  • Bibliography
  • Index.

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書名 British university observatories, 1772-1939
著作者等 Hutchins Roger
シリーズ名 Science, technology, and culture, 1700-1945
出版元 Ashgate
刊行年月 c2008
版表示 illustrated ed
ページ数 xxiii, 533 p., [1] p. of plates
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 9780754632504
NCID BA86788667
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス