Social outsiders in Nazi Germany

edited by Robert Gellately and Nathan Stoltzfus

When Hitler assumed power in 1933, he and other Nazis had firm ideas on what they called a racially pure "community of the people." They quickly took steps against those whom they wanted to isolate, deport, or destroy. In these essays informed by the latest research, leading scholars offer rich histories of the people branded as "social outsiders" in Nazi Germany: Communists, Jews, "Gypsies," foreign workers, prostitutes, criminals, homosexuals, and the homeless, unemployed, and chronically ill. Although many works have concentrated exclusively on the relationship between Jews and the Third Reich, this collection also includes often-overlooked victims of Nazism while reintegrating the Holocaust into its wider social context.The Nazis knew what attitudes and values they shared with many other Germans, and most of their targets were individuals and groups long regarded as outsiders, nuisances, or "problem cases." The identification, the treatment, and even the pace of their persecution of political opponents and social outsiders illustrated that the Nazis attuned their law-and-order policies to German society, history, and traditions. Hitler's personal convictions, Nazi ideology, and what he deemed to be the wishes and hopes of many people, came together in deciding where it would be politically most advantageous to begin.The first essay explores the political strategies used by the Third Reich to gain support for its ideologies and programs, and each following essay concentrates on one group of outsiders. Together the contributions debate the motivations behind the purges. For example, was the persecution of Jews the direct result of intense, widespread anti-Semitism, or was it part of a more encompassing and arbitrary persecution of "unwanted populations" that intensified with the war? The collection overall offers a nuanced portrayal of German citizens, showing that many supported the Third Reich while some tried to resist, and that the war radicalized social thinking on nearly everyone's part. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Frank Bajohr, Omer Bartov, Doris L. Bergen, Richard J. Evans, Henry Friedlander, Geoffrey J. Giles, Marion A. Kaplan, Sybil H. Milton, Alan E. Steinweis, Annette F. Timm, and Nikolaus Wachsmann.

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[目次]

  • CHAPTER 1 Social Outsiders and the Construction of the Community of the People by Robert Gellately and Nathan Stoltzfus 3 CHAPTER 2 Social Outsiders in German History: From the Sixteenth Century to 1933 by Richard J. Evans 20 CHAPTER 3 No "Volksgenossen": Jewish Entrepreneurs in the Third Reich by Frank Bajohr 45 CHAPTER 4 When the Ordinary Became Extraordinary: German Jews Reacting to Nazi Persecution, 1933-1939 by Marion A. Kaplan 66 CHAPTER 5 The Nazi Purge of German Artistic and Cultural Life by Alan E. Steinweis 99 CHAPTER 6 The Limits of Policy: Social Protection of Intermarried German by Jews in Nazi Germany by Nathan Stoltzfus 117 CHAPTER 7 The Exclusion and Murder of the Disabled by Henry Friedlander 145 CHAPTER 8 From Indefinite Confinement to Extermination: "Habitual-Criminals" in the Third Reich by Nikolaus Wachsmann 165 CHAPTER 9 The Ambivalent Outsider: Prostitution, Promiscuity, and VD Control in Nazi Berlin by Annette F. Timor 192 CHAPTER 1O "Gypsies" as Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany by Sybil H. Milton 212 CHAPTER 11 The Institutionalization of Homosexual Panic in the Third Reich by Geoffrey J. Giles 233 CHAPTER 12 Police Justice, Popular Justice, and Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany: The Example of Polish Foreign Workers by Robert Gellately 256 CHAPTER 13 Sex, Blood, and Vulnerability: Women Outsiders in German Occupied Europe by Doris L. Bergen 273 CHAPTER 14 Social Outcasts in War and Genocide: A Comparative Perspective by Omer Bartov 294 List of Contributors 319 Index 321

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この本の情報

書名 Social outsiders in Nazi Germany
著作者等 Gellately, Robert
Stoltzfus, Nathan
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 c2001
ページ数 vi, 332 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0691086842
0691007489
NCID BA5225146X
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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