Modernization and postmodernization : cultural, economic, and political change in 43 societies

Ronald Inglehart

Ronald Inglehart argues that economic development, cultural change, and political change go together in coherent and even, to some extent, predictable patterns. This is a controversial claim. It implies that some trajectories of socioeconomic change are more likely than others - and consequently that certain changes are foreseeable. Once a society has embarked on industrialization, for example, a whole syndrome of related changes, from mass mobilization to diminishing differences in gender roles, is likely to appear. These changes in worldviews seem to reflect changes in the economic and political environment, but they take place with a generational time lag and have considerable autonomy and momentum of their own. But industrialization is not the end of history. Advanced industrial society leads to a basic shift in values, de-emphasizing the instrumental rationality that characterized industrial society. Postmodern values then bring new societal changes, including democratic political institutions and the decline of state socialist regimes. To demonstrate the powerful links between belief systems and political and socioeconomic variables, this book draws on a unique database, the World Values Surveys. This database covers a broader range than ever before available for looking at the impact of mass publics on political and social life. It provides information from societies representing 70 percent of the world's population - from societies with per capita incomes as low as $300 per year to those with per capita incomes one hundred times greater and from long-established democracies with market economies to authoritarian states.

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  • Acknowledgments Ch. 1Value Systems: The Subjective Aspect of Politics and Economics Ch. 2Individual-Level Change and Societal-Level Change Ch. 3Modernization and Postmodernization in 43 Societies Ch. 4Measuring Materialist and Postmaterialist Values Ch. 5The Shift toward Postmaterialist Values, 1970-1994 Ch. 6Economic Development, Political Culture, and Democracy: Bringing the People Back In Ch. 7The Impact of Culture on Economic Growth Ch. 8The Rise of New Issues and New Parties Ch. 9The Shift toward Postmodern Values: Predicted and Observed Changes, 1981-1990 Ch. 10The Erosion of Institutional Authority and the Rise of Citizen Intervention in Politics Ch. 11Trajectories of Social Change App. 1A Note on Sampling: Figures A.1 and A.2 App. 2Partial 1990 WVS Questionnaire, with Short Labels for Items Used in Figure 3.2 App. 3Supplementary Figures for Chapters 3, 9, and 10
  • Figures A.3 (Chapter 6), A.4-A.21 (Chapter 9), A.22-A.26 (Chapter 10), and A.27 (Chapter 11) App. 4Construction of Key Indices Used in This Book App. 5Complete 1990 WVS Questionnaire, with Variable Numbers in ICPSR Dataset References Index

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書名 Modernization and postmodernization : cultural, economic, and political change in 43 societies
著作者等 Inglehart, Ronald
シリーズ名 Princeton paperbacks
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 c1997
ページ数 x, 453 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 069101180X
NCID BA39120387
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国