The Crest of the Peacock : The Non-European Roots of Mathematics

By (author) Joseph, George Ghevarghese

From the Ishango Bone of central Africa and the Inca quipu of South America to the dawn of modern mathematics, The Crest of the Peacock makes it clear that human beings everywhere have been capable of advanced and innovative mathematical thinking. George Gheverghese Joseph takes us on a breathtaking multicultural tour of the roots and shoots of non-European mathematics. He shows us the deep influence the Egyptians and Babylonians had on the Greeks; the Arabs' major creative contributions; and the astounding range of successes of the great civilizations of India and China. This challenging and erudite book questions familiar assumptions and enlarges our sense of what we mean by mathematics.

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[目次]

  • Acknowledgements xi Preface to the First Edition xii Preface to the Second Edition xvii Chapter 1: The History of Mathematics: Alternative Perspectives 1 A Justification for This Book 1 The Development of Mathematical Knowledge 3 Mathematical Signposts and Transmissions Across the Ages 12 Chapter 2: Mathematics from Bones, Strings and Standing Stones 23 Beginnings: The Ishango Bone 23 Knotted Strings from South America: The Inca Quipu 28 The Emergence of Written Number Systems: A Digression 41 Mayan Numeration 49 Chapter 3 The Beginnings of Written Mathematics: Egypt 57 The Urban Revolution and its African Origins 57 Sources of Egyptian Mathematics 59 Number Recording Among the Egyptians 61 Egyptian Arithmetic 63 Egyptian Algebra: The Beginnings of Rhetorical Algebra 76 Egyptian Geometry 81 Chapter 4 The Beginnings of Written Mathematics: Babylonia 91 Sources of Babylonian Mathematics 95 The Babylonian Number System 96 Babylonian Algebra 108 Babylonian Geometry 113 Chapter 5 Egyptian and Babylonian Mathematics: An Assessment 125 Chapter 6 Ancient Chinese Mathematics 130 Background and Sources 130 The Development of Chinese Numerals 140 Chinese Magic Squares (and Other Designs) 148 Mathematics from the Chiu Chang 156 Chapter 7 Special Topics in Chinese Mathematics 178 The 'Piling-up of Rectangles': The Pythagorean Theorem in China 180 Estimation of tt 188 Solution of Higher-order Equations and Pascal's Triangle 197 Indeterminate Analysis in China 205 Chinese Mathematics: A Final Assessment 211 Chapter 8 Ancient Indian Mathematics 215 A Restatement of Intent and a Brief Historical Sketch 215 Maths from Bricks: Evidence from the Harappan Culture 221 Mathematics from the Vedas 224 Early Indian Numerals and Their Development 239 Jaina Mathematics 249 Mathematics on the Eve of the Classical Period 256 Chapter 9 Indian Mathematics: The Classical Period and After 264 Major Indian Mathematician-Astronomers 265 Indian Algebra 272 Indian Trigonometry 280 Kerala Mathematics 286 Other Notable Contributions 294 Chapter 10 Prelude to Modern Mathematics: The Arab Contribution 301 Historical Background 301 Major Arab Mathematicians 304 The Arab Role in the Rise and Spread of Indian Numerals 311 Arab Arithmetic 316 Arab Algebra 324 Arab Geometry 333 Arab Trigonometry 338 The Arab Conhibution: A Final Assessment 344 Reflections 349 The History of Mathematics: Alternative Perspectives 349 Mathematics from Bones, Strings and Standing Stones 357 The Beginnings of Written Mathematics: Egypt 369 The Beginnings of Written Mathematics: Babylonia 377 Ancient Chinese Mathematics 385 Special Topics in Chinese Mathematics 389 Ancient Indian Mathematics 395 Indian Mathematics: The Classical Period and After 406 Prelude to Modem Mathematics: The Arab Contribution 417 Bibliography 425 Name Index 441 Subject Index 447

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この本の情報

書名 The Crest of the Peacock : The Non-European Roots of Mathematics
著作者等 Joseph, George Ghevarghese
書名別名 The Non-European Roots of Mathematics
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 2000.07.24
ページ数 416p
大きさ H203 x W127
ISBN 9780691006598
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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