edited by Walter Rucker and James Nathaniel Upton ; foreword by Dominic J. Capeci, Jr
Race riots have been among the most glaring displays of the racial strife running through America's history. Mostly urban, mostly outside the South, and mostly white-instigated, the number and violence of race riots increased as blacks migrated out of the rural South and into the North and West's industrialized cities during the early part of the 20th century. While most riots have occurred within the past century, the Encyclopedia reaches back to colonial history, giving it an unprecedented historical depth. Although white on black violence has been the most common form of racial violence, riots involving other racial and ethnic groups, such as Asians and Hispanics, are also included and examined. Organized alphabetically, topics include: notorious riots such as the Tulsa Riots of 1921, the Los Angeles Riots of 1965 and 1992; the African-American community's preparedness and responses to this odious form of mass violence; federal responses to rioting; an examination of the underlying causes of rioting; the reactions of prominent figures such as H. Rap Brown and Martin Luther King Jr. to rioting; and much more.
Many of the entries describe and analyze particular riots and violent racial incidents, while other entries cover the victims and opponents of race violence. Many entries also cover legislation that has addressed racial violence and inequality, as well as groups and organizations that have either fought or promoted racial violence. Other entries focus on relevant concepts, trends, themes, and publications. Besides almost 300 cross-referenced entries, most of which conclude with lists of additional readings, the Encyclopedia also offers a timeline of racial violence in the United States, an extensive bibliography of print and electronic resources, a selection of important primary documents, numerous illustrations, and a detailed subject index.