Chinese maritime activities and socioeconomic development, c. 2100 B.C.-1900 A.D.

Gang Deng ; foreword by Ramon H. Myers

China's long-term maritime history has been overlooked by the scholarly community, so much so that there is a misconception that the Chinese were sea- or ocean-phobic. This image has been promoted rather deliberately because a sailing-aversive China would fit in well with the non-capitalist development framework. This study shows that from 2100 BC to AD 1900, the Chinese were as enthusiastic about and capable of seagoing activities as other peoples. Evidence shows that economic interests provided Chinese sailing-related activities with a lasting impetus, and the private sector played a central role. However, maritime activities in China raise at least two paradoxes: the activities were incompatible with the agrarian dominance in the Chinese premodern economy, and there was a huge gap between China's maritime potential and maritime growth. This situation was symptomatic of both positive and negative effects of technical and economic aspects of premodern China. Technologically, limited maritime growth resulted from climatic and hydrographic conditions favourable to agriculture. Economically, it resulted from low Chinese participation in maritime activities because of safe returns from the agricultural sector. This book provides readers with a long-term analysis of Chinese maritime activities and their economic consequences in industries, infrastructure, trade, migration and government policies. It provides an insight into the causes for sterility of capitalist industrialization in premodern China.

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  • Background - Environment and Maritime Activities
  • Physical Environment
  • Maritime-Activity Types
  • Evolution of Chinese Maritime Technology
  • Observations
  • Development of China's Maritime Technology
  • Comparison
  • Supply of Ships
  • Quantitative Estimation
  • Ship Supply and Resource Scarcity
  • Trade Types and Agents
  • Maritime Trade Types
  • Maritime Merchants
  • Markets and Trade Patterns
  • Markets and Returns
  • Trade Patterns
  • Aftermath of the Change
  • Nature of the Change
  • Interpretations of the Change
  • Urbanization, Migration and Technological Dissemination
  • Urbanization of the Coastal Region
  • Migration by Sea
  • Technological Dissemination by Sea
  • Conclusion - China's Performance and Path Dependency
  • China's Overall Maritime Performance
  • China's Paradoxes and Path Dependency
  • Final Remarks
  • Appendix A - Rare Illustrations of Chinese Traditional Ships
  • Appendix B - Chinese Sea Merchants Trading with Japan, 1641-1772
  • Appendix C - Monetary Systems in Chinese History
  • Appendix D - Densely Populated Prefectures in Ming-Qing Times.

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書名 Chinese maritime activities and socioeconomic development, c. 2100 B.C.-1900 A.D.
著作者等 Deng Gang
シリーズ名 Contributions in economics and economic history
出版元 Greenwood Press
刊行年月 1997
ページ数 xxvi, 218 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0313292124
NCID BA33043782
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国