Amazonian dark earths : explorations in space and time

Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods (eds.)

The regenerative qualities identified in prehistoric, anthropogenic Amazonian dark earths suggest that notoriously infertile tropical soils can be greatly improved. Soil enhancement practices by ancient Amerindians allowed them to intensively cultivate the land, without needing to continually clear new fields from forest. As increasing populations place ever greater pressure on tropical forests, this legacy of rich, "living" soils warrants further study in the search for high-yield, land intensive, yet sustainable forms of management. This volume's international group of contributors provides a variety of stances centering on aspects of the origin, distribution, variability, persistence, and use of Amazonian dark earths.

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  • 1 Towards an Understanding of Amazonian Dark Earths.- 2 History, Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives of Geoecological Research Concerning the Origin of Amazonian Anthropogenic Dark Earths (Terra Preta).- 3 Evolution of the Scientific Knowledge Regarding Archaeological Black Earths of Amazonia.- 4 A Geographical Method for Anthrosol Characterization in Amazonia: Contributions to Method and Human Ecological Theory.- 5 Paleoriverine Features of the Amazon Lowlands: Human Use of the 'Arena Negra' Soils of Lake Charo, Northeastern Peru.- 6 Dark Earth in the Upper Amazon.- 7 Organic Matter in Archaeological Black Earths and Yellow Latosol in the Caxiuana, Amazonia, Brazil.- 8 Sequential P Fractionation of Relict Anthropogenic Dark Earths of Amazonia.- 9 The Timing of Terra Preta Formation in the Central Amazon: Archaeological Data from the Three Sites.- 10 Semi-Intensive Pre-European Cultivation and the Origins of Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Amazonia.- 11 Identifying the Pre-Columbian Anthropogenic Input on Present Soil Properties of Amazonian Dark Earths (Terra Preta).- 12 Use of Space and Formation of Terra Preta: The Asurini do Xingu Case Study.- 13 Research on Anthropogenic Dark Earth Soils. Could It Be a Solution for Sustainable Agricultural Development in the Amazon?.- 14 Slash and Char: An Alternative to Slash and Burn Practiced in the Amazon Basin.- 15 Microbial Response to Charcoal Amendments of Highly Weathered Soils and Amazonian Dark Earths in Central Amazonia - Preliminary Results.

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書名 Amazonian dark earths : explorations in space and time
著作者等 Woods W.I.
Woods William I.
Glaser Bruno
出版元 Springer
刊行年月 c2004
ページ数 xiv, 216 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 3540007547
NCID BA6873931X
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言語 英語
出版国 ドイツ