Swing shift : "all-girl" bands of the 1940s

Sherrie Tucker

The forgotten history of the "all-girl" big bands of the World War II era takes centre stage in Sherrie Tucker's Swing Shift. American demand for swing skyrocketed with the onslaught of war as millions - isolated from loved ones - sought diversion, comfort, and social contact through music and dance. Although all-female jazz and dance bands had existed since the 1920s, now hundreds of such groups, both African American and white, barnstormed ballrooms, theatres, dance halls, military installations, and makeshift USO stages on the home front and abroad. Filled with firsthand accounts of more than a hundred women who performed during this era and complemented by thorough - and eye-opening-archival research, Swing Shift not only offers a history of this significant aspect of American society and culture but also examines how and why whole bands of dedicated and talented women musicians were dropped from-or never inducted into-our national memory. Tucker's nuanced presentation reveals who these remarkable women were, where and when they began to play music, and how they navigated a sometimes wild and bumpy road - including their experiences with gas and rubber rationing, travel restrictions designed to prioritise transportation for military needs, and Jim Crow laws and other prejudices. She explains how the expanded opportunities brought by the war, along with sudden increased publicity, created the illusion that all female musicians - no matter how experienced or talented -were "Swing Shift Maisies," 1940s slang for the substitutes for the "real" workers (or musicians) who were away in combat. Comparing the working conditions and public representations of women musicians with figures such as Rosie the Riveter, WACs, USO hostesses, pin-ups, and movie stars, Tucker chronicles the careers of such bands as the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, Phil Spitalny's Hours of Charm, The Darlings of Rhythm, and the Sharon Rogers All-Girl Band.

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The forgotten history of the all-girl" big bands of the World War II era takes centre stage in Sherrie Tucker's Swing Shift. American demand for swing skyrocketed with the onslaught of war as millions - isolated from loved ones - sought diversion, comfort, and social contact through music and dance. Although all-female jazz and dance bands had existed since the 1920s, now hundreds of such groups, both African American and white, barnstormed ballrooms, theatres, dance halls, military installations, and makeshift USO stages on the home front and abroad. Filled with firsthand accounts of more than a hundred women who performed during this era and complemented by thorough - and eye-opening - archival research, Swing Shift not only offers a history of this significant aspect of American society and culture but also examines how and why whole bands of dedicated and talented women musicians were dropped from - or never inducted into - our national memory. Tucker's nuanced presentation reveals who these remarkable women were, where and when they began to play music, and how they navigated a sometimes wild and bumpy road - including their experiences with gas and rubber rationing, travel restrictions designed to prioritise transportation for military needs, and Jim Crow laws and other prejudices. She explains how the expanded opportunities brought by the war, along with sudden increased publicity, created the illusion that all female musicians - no matter how experienced or talented - were "Swing Shift Maisies," 1940s slang for the substitutes for the "real" workers (or musicians) who were away in combat. Comparing the working conditions and public representations of women musicians with figures such as Rosie the Riveter, WACs, USO hostesses, pin-ups, and movie stars, Tucker chronicles the careers of such bands as the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, Phil Spitalny's Hours of Charm, The Darlings of Rhythm, and the Sharon Rogers All-Girl Band.

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[目次]

  • Contents: Playing the changes of World War 2 Working the swing shift: Effects of World War 2 on all-girl bands "Hours of charm" with Paul Spitalny Extracurricular activities with the prairie view co-eds Road hazards Surveillance and survival in the Jim Crow south Internationalism and the sweethearts of rhythm The darlings of rhythm: On the road and ready to run USO- camp shows Female big bands, male mass audiences: gendered performances in a theatre of war Battles of a "sophisticated lady": Ada Leonard and the USO "And, fellas, they're American girls!": on the road with the Sharon Rogers all-girl band Conclusion: postwar changes, familiar refrains

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[目次]

  • Acknowledgements Introduction: "It Don't Mean a Thing if it Ain't in the Discourse" Part I: Playing the Changes of World War II 1. Working the Swing Shift: Effects of World War II on "All-Girl" Bands 2. "Hours of Charm" With Phil Spitalny 3. Extracurricular Activities With The Prairie View Co-eds Part II: Road Hazards 4. Surveillance and Survival in the Jim Crow South 5. Internationalism and the Sweethearts of Rhythm 6. The Darlings of Rhythm: On the Road and Ready to Run Part III: USO-Camps Shows 7. Female Big Bands, Male Mass Audiences: Gendered Performances in a Theatre of War 8. Battles of a "Sophisticated Lady." Ada Leonard and the USO: Skirmishes, Truces, and Entertaining the Troops 9. "And, Fellas, They're American Girls,": On the Road with the Sharon Rogers All-Girl Band Conclusion: Post-War Changes, Familiar Refrains Notes Bibliography

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この本の情報

書名 Swing shift : "all-girl" bands of the 1940s
著作者等 Tucker, Sherrie
Tucker Sherrie (Assistant Professor of Women's Studies Hobart and William Smith Colleges USA)
出版元 Duke University Press
刊行年月 2000
ページ数 ix, 413 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0822324857
9780822328179
NCID BA51028135
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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