A defense of utilitarianism

C.L. Sheng

In Defense of Utilitarianism, C.L. Sheng provides a more intensive study of the Unified Utilitarian Theory (UUT), which he proposed in his previous work A New Approach to Utilitarianism (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991). Sheng defends utilitarianism, particularly UUT, against the objections and attacks raised by nonutilitarians, showing it to be a viable ethical theory. He argues that utilitarianism is not person-neutral, is not indifferent to distribution, and is not a theory of replacement, utilitarian sacrifice, or trade-offs. By refuting the conception of absolute principles and adopting nonstrict rules, Sheng shows how UUT can avoid all objections to act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism, making it a viable theory.

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  • Chapter 1 Preface and Acknowledgements Chapter 2 Introduction: The Development of Modern Utilitarianism
  • Difficulties with Utilitarianism
  • A Brief Description of the Unifies Utilitarian Theory
  • The Purpose and Scope of this Book Chapter 3 Concepts about Utility: Unification and Clarification of the Concepts of Utility
  • Definitions of Utility and Happiness
  • A Utilitarian General Theory of Value Utility as a Universal Measure Chapter 4 The Principle of Utility and the Flexible Nature of Morality: The Principle of Utility and Other Basic Principles
  • Problems with the Principle of Utility
  • Schism in Utilitarianism- the Good and the Right
  • A Classification of Situations of Moral Acti Chapter 5 Value Pluralism and End Monism: Intrinsic Value and Instrumental Value
  • On Argument from Regret
  • Value Pluralism Based on Nonreplaceability
  • End Monism and Principle Monism Chapter 6 A Decision-Theoretic Approach to Utilitarianism: Decision-Making and Its Applications
  • Decision-Making and Rationality
  • Feeling of Moral Satisfaction in Moral Decision-Making
  • A Mathematical Model of Moral Decision-Making Chapter 7 Moral Values and Their Quantitative Analysis: Moral Values
  • Value of the Consequences of a Moral Action
  • Value of the Feeling of Moral Satisfaction
  • Value of a Moral Action
  • Simplification of Utility Calculation Chapter 8 Societal Value: The Significance of Societal Value
  • Reasons for Adopting Societal Value
  • Determination of Societal Value
  • Moral Prescription and Moral Decision-Making
  • Quantitative Treatment of Societal Value and Coefficient of Morality Chapter 9 The Person-Centered Prerogative: Hard Line Utilitarianism and Soft Line Utilitarianism
  • Personal Actions versus Public Actions
  • Positive Duties versus Negative Duties
  • Positive Duties versus Charitable Actions
  • Moral Irrelevance
  • The Reference State Chapter 10 Refutation of Objections to Utilitarianism: A Rationale of Objections to Utilitarianism
  • Some Severe Counter-Examples Against Utilitarianism and My Responses to Them
  • Interpretation of Some Problems as Accidents
  • Preference of a State versus Change Chapter 11 Utilitarianism Bridges the Is/Ought Gap: The Is/Ought Gap, Naturalism, and Utilitarianism
  • The Teleological Nature of Human Beings
  • Rational Choice in Taking Nonmoral Actions
  • Extension from Nonmoral Actions to Moral Action
  • Explanation of Helevy's Chapter 12 UUT is a Viable Ethical Theory: The Crucial Difference among Various Ethical Theories
  • On the Strictness of Moral Rules
  • The Weaknesses of Rule-Utilitarianism
  • Differences Between UUT and Harsanyi's Rule-Utilitarianism
  • UUT is a Viable Ethical Theor Chapter 13 Bibliography Chapter 14 About the Author Chapter 15 Index

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書名 A defense of utilitarianism
著作者等 Sheng, Chʿing-lai
Sheng C.L.
出版元 University Press of America
刊行年月 c2004
ページ数 236 p.
大きさ 22 cm
ISBN 0761827315
NCID BA70181730
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国