Julian P.W. Archer
The International Working Men's Association, now called the First International, was the first successful attempt to organize labor on local, national, and international levels. It emerged after the great outpouring of socialist ideology, primarily French, prior to the 1860s and before the rooting of labor unions and socialist parties in the latter part of the nineteenth century. The First International in France is designed to serve as a history of the First International in France, as well as serve as a basic reference for those whose interest or research touches on the International. When used in conjunction with key texts by Roger Morgan, Henry Collins, and Max Nettlau, it will be useful in producing a much-needed synthesis of the International as a whole.